Bitcoin, Gold, Silver And Armageddon - Forbes

TDV Interview Series: Bix Weir of Road to Roota on Gold, Silver and Bitcoin

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TDV Interview Series: Bix Weir of Road to Roota on Gold, Silver and Bitcoin

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TDV Interview Series: Bix Weir of Road to Roota on Gold, Silver and Bitcoin

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TDV Interview Series: Bix Weir of Road to Roota on Gold, Silver and Bitcoin

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TDV Interview Series: Bix Weir of Road to Roota on Gold, Silver and Bitcoin

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TDV Interview Series: Bix Weir of Road to Roota on Gold, Silver and Bitcoin

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Jeff Berwick Gives Wide Ranging Interview About Bitcoin: BTC Vs Gold & Silver, Silk Road, Potential Cons

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Jeff Berwick Gives Wide Ranging Interview About Bitcoin: BTC Vs Gold & Silver, Silk Road, Potential Cons

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Do Autonomous Trucks dream of C.W. McCall? Part 9- a new home

Tran was a shitty gambler, Chi mused. He played poker like he was sure the next hand would save him. It didn’t. He overpromised and underpaid. Chi planned on kicking his ass to send a message, but Tran ran that line of shit about millions in bitcoin. Against his better judgment, Chi settled Tran’s debts with every other loan-shark in town and fronted another stack of cash.
And all that ended with Tran gambling that away, talking a load of shit and ending up in this dumpster with a trash-bag tied around his neck.
Chi looked at Tran’s phone and wondered if the money was ever real. Considering it might point back at him, he smashed it against the corner of the dumpster a few times before dropping it and walking back to his car. He had some debts to pay.
Falstaff looked at the paper maps in the motel’s office. He followed the Interstate southeast to the desert and what used to be the California- Arizona border. He looked for places he hadn’t heard of being associated with edgy festivals. Even better, motels with chain-sounding names. That’s the place nobody’d look for him.
He packed his car, coaxed Hank back in the carrier and got in his car. Before he got going, he booted his laptop and put the memory card back in. Evidence wasn’t a problem any more, it was getting found.
He copied the contents to his laptop and poked around. Ten minutes later, he had set up a password cracker against the accounts, hoping that Tran would choose something easier to remember and therefore guessable.
He plugged the laptop’s power supply into the car’s cigarette lighter, then put the laptop on a bag on the back seat.
East he went.
Geoff had the night shift on another Internet giant’s campus. This meant he drove a golf cart around once or twice, then parked himself in the camera room and tried not to sleep. Sleeping would cut his hourly wage and get him kicked back to dangerous, dirty jobs like protecting rail yards from motivated thieves.
He used to pick a skill and research it. He learned to get basic vocabulary in Spanish, Mandarin, Fujianese and was trying Tagalog. He could carry a conversation as long as it revolved around simple topics, like where the bathroom, parking lot and reception desk were, or that he wanted to purchase something.
Tonight he picked at that truck thing again. He used a map application to virtually drive between Phoenix and San Diego. After a few hours, he found the spot on the Interstate that looked like the right landscape from the cameras on the pinball machine. He looked at the street view and the camera view over the older man’s shoulder.
Motherfucker. Spot dab in the withdrawn zone.
Who travels to the middle of nowhere to steal from a truck and only take some stuff?
Couldn’t be locals. Locals would strip the truck bare.
He watched the video again. Looks like they took plain grocery shipping boxes.
Inside job? And steal boxes of fresh pasta and imported wine?
He scrolled back and took a few screengrabs. When he worked security at the shiny new headquarters, they had some wild surveillance tools. Real time tracking using AI image enhancement and they taught you how to use it.
Geoff got pretty good at it. He looked over at his phone and opened the scheduling application for his employer. He underbid a few other people and picked up the next shift.
Which got him reinstated access to the HQ’s slick surveillance system. He uploaded the images and asked it to clean it up. He expected this to take a bit of time, so he cleaned up and got ready for his shift.
And his phone dinged. A match.
That he didn’t ask for. Ten seconds later, he saw a corporate ID card. With that bored look of middle aged techie.
Falstaff.
Huh. Dumb name. Looked familiar, but so did every other techie from where he stood. Probably had more money in options than he’d ever earn.
As he drove to work, he wondered why a techie would be robbing trucks in the middle of nowhere instead of getting rich or dying fat here.
He parked, took the shuttle and made it a few minutes early for shift change. He expected a slow night.
Five minutes into the shift, he was sipping good coffee and watching the camera feeds when someone asked for him by name at the desk.
He looked up and saw one of the muscular internal security people smiling at him. Close cropped hair, clear coiled earpiece and the look of someone who worked out at an actual gym instead of lifting five gallon buckets filled with water in a rest stop parking lot. Looked like internal security, maybe even VIP protection.
Guy probably had pretty good benefits. Geoff would love to get a job like that.
Geoff pushed his coffee to the side and stood up to greet the guy asking about him.
Enzokuhle gave Geoff a broad smile and introduced himself as Enzo. The two men were pleasant with one another, but Geoff seemed wary. Enzo didn’t know why he was there either. He was scheduled to do driving and personal protection for a senior exec working in his office, but he got tasked with asking a contract security guard some questions about something very hush-hush.
Whatever. He was good with people. Perhaps he’d learn something.
“Geoff, may we speak outside? This is a sensitive matter, requiring some discretion”
Geoff motioned to his puzzled co-worker by holding up his hand, splaying his fingers and mouthing the word “Five”. The two men walked through the stark but stylish lobby onto a manicured park-like field.
“So, what do you want from me? Not too often we get you guys involved”
“An hour ago, you performed a lookup for a company employee. Have you been in contact with that employee?”
“No. I had an image I wanted processed”
There was an uncomfortable silence as the walked. Geoff realized that Enzo was listening to his ear-piece. Enzo was nodding as he listened.
“I see. So you haven’t seen this person outside the picture you uploaded”
“No, but I have an idea where he might be”
Enzokuhle put his hand up. He wanted to end this transaction as quickly as possible.
“Thank you. Please do not speak of this to anybody else. Your discretion is most important here. Return to your post and we will contact you if we need more from you”. He pointed Geoff back to the lobby without making eye contact.
Galina Ivanova spent a few more minutes talking to Enzo, then thanked him. This was a false lead. AI must be glitchy. No chance that the developer who stole almost a billion dollars was unloading trucks instead of moving that big pile of money somewhere.
Any additional time logged to this goose chase would make her metrics worse. She took off her headset and tried to go back go sleep.
Geoff sat back in his chair. He remembered a video of a scuba diver diving under a moving container ship, looking up at the moving propeller and how close they almost came to a gruesome death.
Why was that guy important enough to throw an alert to internal security?
He looked at his phone and the email with Falstaff’s ID photo. He couldn’t do any lookups to see the last time he was in any of the buildings, since that fed into whatever alerts that brought Internal Security down on his head.
But he remembered something. Employee parking wasn’t owned by Corporate. It was a separate company, which required him to remind annoyed techies when their photo ID wouldn’t trip the gate when some absent-minded developer forgot their garage access card.
Last time this Falstaff guy used the garage was almost two months ago. Such a stereotype. Silver Porsche. Now he knew why the guy looked familiar. He left the day that big brouhaha happened. Rumors flew about the security and custodial staff- some developers stole the next phone design or a treasure trove of celebrity nude photos or something else of value to these people. Anybody too vocal with their opinions got fired and walked out, which Geoff wanted to avoid.
Whatever it was, it was valuable and embarrassing. Made sense to go hide in the desert.
And he had an idea where Falstaff was. Maybe, if he brought him back, there’d be a big enough reward to let him to leave the Valley and go back to Ohio. Pay off debts and raise his family.
It wasn’t like he was making any headway here anyway. He was going on a road trip.
Falstaff was driving slower now. He needed better fuel economy and to take the time to scout out his next stop. Some towns had plain dried up and others still too connected. The last place looked promising. The gas station was a weatherbeaten Sinclair, with a repainted dinosaur. They only took cash. The chain restaurant was burned out and there was a motel “a few miles up”.
Hank was sleeping, but Falstaff’s laptop dinged with the results of his attempt to crack Tran’s big blob of data.
He had passwords for the handful of accounts Tran had dumped on that chip. They weren’t for the financial application he and Tran were working on. Instead, they were for the store’s production environment. He didn’t have a billion dollars in untraceable currency, but he could send almost any consumer good to anybody on the planet and clean up afterwards.
He had some investigating to do, and he preferred a cheap motel to do it from rather than his car.
He rented a room for a few days from a surprised old man and tried to ignore the curious stares from a few permanent residents of the motel.
At least Hank enjoyed exploring the room and this motel would not get the camera friendly festival crowd.
submitted by lawtechie to talesoflawtechie [link] [comments]

*New Story* Do autonomous trucks dream of CW McCall?

I've got some serial stories I'd like to tell about living with (and in) technology and the industry.
Do autonomous trucks dream of CW McCall?
Falstaff’s story
“For a bright shining moment, we added a lot of shareholder value”. Falstaff had a comic with that caption in his double sized cubicle, the kind reserved for senior engineers. For a while he thought it showed that he didn’t fully buy into the corporate line, but that he’d still do as he was told as long as he had a shot at the big payout. RSUs, the big acquisition. The end of year bonus. That was the deal in the before time, when things mostly worked out for most people it seemed.
Falstaff knew he wasn’t the smartest, but he didn’t complain, didn’t pick fights and lived pretty well. His bad habits didn’t impact his work life and he still might hit it big enough to quit and try something else. To have options.
Then everything happened at once. The fires. The diseases. The chaos. Nobody knew who was in charge for a year or so. Things came back. A few years passed and the wealthy parts of the coastal cities looked shiny again. Most people called it normal. To the casual eye, it was. You could still get sushi delivered to the office late at night, ski in the Rockies if you could take the time off. Things were pretty good if you stayed where you belonged and kept your metrics up. Things fell off as you went East or to the not-so-quaint rural areas that couldn’t swing a music festival or good photo opportunities for social media. Go far enough and you found the places where the Feds just walked away. Not our problem any more.
That’s how Falstaff saw the world and his place in it. He had’nt had much sleep. Drugs, risky behavior and the self-loathing kept him occupied, making his morning commute that much less pleasant. He stopped staring at the RVs and tents parked on the land next to the on-ramp as he got on the 101. He jabbed the infotainment system to find some noise to sooth or at least distract him.
“Today, the Department of Energy announced that repairs have been completed ahead of schedule for the Diablo Canyon Power Plant. Radiation levels are now below acceptable levels for the first time in three years”
Click.
“We’ve got an autonomous truck accident with a car by Exit 6 on the 280 Eastbound, so expect delays while CHP and a support team from Freightliner gets that cleaned up”
Click.
It didn’t work. He still felt adrift and unhappy in the morning commute, so he silenced the radio and drove to the office.
The office was uneventful. Park, security checkpoint, a long walk to his building, a coffee on the way to his cubicle. He pulled the privacy screen closed behind him and sat down. A quick scan of his eyes and there was his project- a payment processing application that would cut out another payment application for a small percentage of a massive stream of money.
He looked over last night’s chatter, split the tasks into ‘do the work’ and ‘show that I’m adding value’ categories.
The fear and sadness caught up with him. He wasn’t ever going to get out. If he ran as fast as he could, he’d stay exactly where he was until his rent outpaced his income. His stock options would vest just fast enough to keep him going, but he’d never get out.
The morning dragged. Tweak this, report this to someone else. The bureaucratic minutiae and make-work washed over him until lunch. He looked forward to lunch with Tran, hoping that might get him out of his funk. Tran wasn’t so much a friend as one of the few people who admitted how screwed up everything was, so there wasn’t any danger of speaking the obvious and getting a negative reputation.
Tran was out today, so Falstaff ate leftovers and instant noodles in his cubicle.
His phone buzzed. There was a message on MomTalk, a chat for wealthy mothers to discuss brunch, day drinking and their children.
An engineer friend of Falstaff’s set it up as a joke to lampoon the women she couldn’t stand and her friends played along, adopting over the top personae and complaining about nonexistent spouses and domestic staff. After things came back, it was a way to talk freely, if in code.
Heather: Hey. I’m in deep trouble. The Nanny’s unhappy and I need someone to pick up the kids.
Falstaff sighed. Tran must need something.
Sheila: Missed you for lunch. Not feeling well?
Heather: Serious. My kid is stuck under my desk and I need him to come home. UNDERSTAND? NOW!
Sheila:kk.
He got up, took his brown cardboard biodegradable instant noodle container and walked a few rows over to Tran’s cubicle. Where Falstaff’s cube was disorganized and well worn, Tran’s was sparse with better furniture. Falstaff felt under the desk and noticed a decal with one end loose. A quick pull and the label peeled off into his hand, along with a small flash memory card, the size of a fingernail.
He stood up and quickly looked up and down the aisle between the cubicles. Nobody noticed. Nobody really paid much attention to him on a good day unless they needed something from him anyway.
Back in his own cubicle, he went back to the chat:
Sheila: How urgent is this? Chip can have dinner with us or we can drop him off on the way to fencing class.
Heather:NO TIME. FAMILY’S HERE AND THINGS ARE TENSE.
Heather:RUN. GET OUT NOW.
Heather:REALLY.
Falstaff was concerned. Tran didn’t make jokes. Laughing at Falstaff’s attempts at humor was enough. He had figured that Tran’s talk of ‘having gangsters in his family’ was an attempt to seem dangerous despite being a cubicle denizen, the way middle aged men bought loud motorcycles that they never rode.
He folded the decal over the card, pressed the sides together and dropped it in the instant noodle cup, then pushed it down with the corn-plastic chopsticks.
The background chatter got quiet and multiple employees raised their heads prairie-dog like. Several members of the company security detail were looking through Tran’s cubicle. Geoff, the brush-cut ex-cop security guard for this building was standing in the aisle attempting to look like he mattered to the operation as the more polished and definitely better paid detail carefully boxed the contents of Tran’s cubicle.
Falstaff picked up his phone and noodle container and started walking towards an exit away from the commotion. Geoff noticed and walked briskly after him. As Falstaff walked out of the building, Geoff called out his real name, then jogged behind him, puffing his half a size too small corporate logo’d golf shirt.
Ironed golf shirt.
Falstaff heard Geoff behind him, but decided to ignore him. Geoff was a blue-badged contractor, safely ignored. Normally.
Geoff ran in front of him and blocked his path to the parking garage.
“You wouldn’t happen to know where Tran is, would you? I’ve seen you with him ”
Falstaff tapped on his white badge. “You’re not my real dad. You can’t tell me what to do”
Falstaff squeezed past him into the parking garage’s doorway.
Geoff glared at him while Falstaff got in his car and put the noodle carton in the fancy retracting cupholder. He started his car and drove off as calmly as he could manage. Despite his attempt at seeming indifferent, his mind was racing. He attempted to make good time without getting attention. Luckily, silver Porsches were a cliché and therefore almost invisible in the Valley.
Twenty minutes later, he was in his mid-grade two bedroom apartment overlooking the parking lot. His cat, Hank, greeted him with a raised head and half open eyes.
Falstaff gave the cat some perfunctory petting, while trying to sequence the next few tasks.
He went to the refrigerator in the kitchen, carrying the ramen cup in one hand. He selected a can of energy drink and thought for a second.
His smartwatch and phone went in the freezer. Fishing the wrapped memory card out of the cup, he picked up the can and walked to his couch, where a bestickered high end laptop rested. Debating between speed and security, he turned off networking on his laptop, then inserted the card into the laptop gingerly, mounting it read-only in case Tran left something aggressive on the card.
Huh. A couple really large encrypted files. And seven smaller files with long filenames of seemingly random numbers and letters. He ejected the card and gingerly placed it on the arm of the couch.
The file names were bitcoin addressses. A lookup showed a total value of almost $600 million in value there.
The files themselves were encrypted. Falstaff stared at the wall for a minute or two, then realized that Tran had decided to quit and take an unauthorized retirement bonus from their shared employer. Enough money to kill for.
Who knew about this, and more importantly, who knew Falstaff had the key? Tran did. Perhaps his gangster friends knew.
He pulled his phone out of the freezer. A few project related emails and three MomTalk direct messages.
Heather:???
Heather:Where y’at?
Heather:I have investors. They’re quite insistent. They’re on their way to you.
It was time to go. Now.
Falstaff put the laptop down and ran to his bedroom. He pawed through a closet and pulled out the giant duffel he used to carry two week’s laundry from his grad student apartment to the cheaper off-campus laundromat. He quickly shoved a variety of clothes, some scuffed hiking boots and some corporate branded technical outdoors gear into it.
Behind a shelf, he found a long, antiquated Russian bolt-action rifle and a few paper-wrapped boxes of bullets. It wasn’t the firearm someone on the run would want, but it’s what he had. It went into the duffle bag, which he dragged into the living room. Hank jumped down and inspected the bag.
“Hank, I’ll hook you up in a second”
A quick scour of the kitchen and Falstaff had two thick trashbags and a box of water jugs with his current employer’s old logo on them, which he emptied into the sink and turned on the faucet.
As the sink filled, he filled the trashbags with whatever looked useful- tools, hobby electronics, his laptop and cat food. He pulled out a fat stack of cash from the bottom of his drug stash box. He contemplated forced sobriety, then carefully closed the box and put it in the bag, along with the cash.
Don’t change everything at once, he thought. Now isn’t the time to risk sobriety.
Falstaff rummaged around in the hall closet and dug out a bright pink cat carrier and stuffed Hank into it, then turned to the overflowing sink in his kitchen. He opened and filled the bottles in what he hoped was an efficient use of time, then pushed them back into the box.
His phone buzzed again. He contemplated throwing it back in the freezer, then thought better of it, shoving it and the watch back in his pocket.
Hank started meowing.
“We’re not going to the vet today, dude. Shut it for now”
Falstaff looked out his window. Typical traffic. Typical parking lot. A few charging stations, a fence and tents on the other side. He opened the window and threw the bags into the bushes below. He picked up Hank’s carrier, his laptop and looked at the box of water bottles.
Wait. Stop. Think. Breathe.
Tran’s card. A minute of searching found where he left it on the couch. He stuck that in his pocket, then ran out of his apartment. He considered the elevator, then decided on the stairs as they were closer to the bags and his car.
A few minutes of pushing and shoving had the trash bags in the front trunk , the oversized duffle in the passenger seat and Hank’s carrier seat belted in the tiny back seat. He spun the tires and entered the flow of traffic, such as it was.
He looked at his phone. More people seemed to want a response. Ignoring them, he found the closest florist’s shop and fifteen minutes later, pulled into the strip mall that contained it.
A few minutes later, he was in possession of three “Birthday Balloon Extravaganzas”, finishing off the shop’s tank of helium and a bit of Falstaff’s cash. He tied the strings around his smartwatch and let it rise and drift past the confines of the parking lot. The hastily constructed wad of tape and ribbon connecting his phone to the other two Extravaganzas generated a more labored flight, but eventually it drifted away. He looked into the shop’s camera and flipped it the bird as he left and jumped back in his car.
Soon he was back on the road, relaxing with his elbow out the window. Despite the stop and go traffic, he felt safe enough to relax and make longer range plans. Even Hank had settled down for the moment. The hot air felt less oppressive somehow. He contemplated the right set of music for an escape from civilization, trying on a few genres to decide. The screen also showed that the freeway was less than a quarter mile on the right and traffic would be light.
Good.
Then he looked again at the screen and thought about antennas. His radio talked to the cell tower, which talked to the Internet. Every application knew where he was.
Which meant Tran’s investors or their ex-employer could know as well.
One hand on the wheel, he looked around for something to pull the radio out of the dashboard. Hank meowed.
“You have an idea? No? Please be quiet”
Rummaging around in the glove box, he noticed an old folding knife. Falstaff slowly pried the radio from the dashboard while occasionally looking up at the tailgate of a modern SUV ahead of him. Realizing there was a rear-facing camera on the SUV staring at him, he slid down below the dash as best he could.
A few more stop and go cycles and the radio was free of the dash. He unplugged cables by feel, but one took his attention away from the road while he pried at it with his knife
He was distracted by a horn blast by his ear. Another SUV was forcing itself into his lane while the driver gesticulated at him.
Falstaff reciprocated by waving angrily at him, knife still in hand. The driver of the SUV held the horn down, angering Falstaff enough to open the window and throw the now free radio at the noise.
Feeling the embarrassment, he jerked the wheel to the right and accelerated into the bicycle lane with a chirp of tires and howl from the engine behind him.
A minute later, he was on the highway, quickly leaving Silicon Valley. He hoped to make the Nevada line before anyone figured out what he was doing.
submitted by lawtechie to talesoflawtechie [link] [comments]

Why i’m bullish on Zilliqa (long read)

Edit: TL;DR added in the comments
 
Hey all, I've been researching coins since 2017 and have gone through 100s of them in the last 3 years. I got introduced to blockchain via Bitcoin of course, analyzed Ethereum thereafter and from that moment I have a keen interest in smart contact platforms. I’m passionate about Ethereum but I find Zilliqa to have a better risk-reward ratio. Especially because Zilliqa has found an elegant balance between being secure, decentralized and scalable in my opinion.
 
Below I post my analysis of why from all the coins I went through I’m most bullish on Zilliqa (yes I went through Tezos, EOS, NEO, VeChain, Harmony, Algorand, Cardano etc.). Note that this is not investment advice and although it's a thorough analysis there is obviously some bias involved. Looking forward to what you all think!
 
Fun fact: the name Zilliqa is a play on ‘silica’ silicon dioxide which means “Silicon for the high-throughput consensus computer.”
 
This post is divided into (i) Technology, (ii) Business & Partnerships, and (iii) Marketing & Community. I’ve tried to make the technology part readable for a broad audience. If you’ve ever tried understanding the inner workings of Bitcoin and Ethereum you should be able to grasp most parts. Otherwise, just skim through and once you are zoning out head to the next part.
 
Technology and some more:
 
Introduction
 
The technology is one of the main reasons why I’m so bullish on Zilliqa. First thing you see on their website is: “Zilliqa is a high-performance, high-security blockchain platform for enterprises and next-generation applications.” These are some bold statements.
 
Before we deep dive into the technology let’s take a step back in time first as they have quite the history. The initial research paper from which Zilliqa originated dates back to August 2016: Elastico: A Secure Sharding Protocol For Open Blockchains where Loi Luu (Kyber Network) is one of the co-authors. Other ideas that led to the development of what Zilliqa has become today are: Bitcoin-NG, collective signing CoSi, ByzCoin and Omniledger.
 
The technical white paper was made public in August 2017 and since then they have achieved everything stated in the white paper and also created their own open source intermediate level smart contract language called Scilla (functional programming language similar to OCaml) too.
 
Mainnet is live since the end of January 2019 with daily transaction rates growing continuously. About a week ago mainnet reached 5 million transactions, 500.000+ addresses in total along with 2400 nodes keeping the network decentralized and secure. Circulating supply is nearing 11 billion and currently only mining rewards are left. The maximum supply is 21 billion with annual inflation being 7.13% currently and will only decrease with time.
 
Zilliqa realized early on that the usage of public cryptocurrencies and smart contracts were increasing but decentralized, secure, and scalable alternatives were lacking in the crypto space. They proposed to apply sharding onto a public smart contract blockchain where the transaction rate increases almost linear with the increase in the amount of nodes. More nodes = higher transaction throughput and increased decentralization. Sharding comes in many forms and Zilliqa uses network-, transaction- and computational sharding. Network sharding opens up the possibility of using transaction- and computational sharding on top. Zilliqa does not use state sharding for now. We’ll come back to this later.
 
Before we continue dissecting how Zilliqa achieves such from a technological standpoint it’s good to keep in mind that a blockchain being decentralised and secure and scalable is still one of the main hurdles in allowing widespread usage of decentralised networks. In my opinion this needs to be solved first before blockchains can get to the point where they can create and add large scale value. So I invite you to read the next section to grasp the underlying fundamentals. Because after all these premises need to be true otherwise there isn’t a fundamental case to be bullish on Zilliqa, right?
 
Down the rabbit hole
 
How have they achieved this? Let’s define the basics first: key players on Zilliqa are the users and the miners. A user is anybody who uses the blockchain to transfer funds or run smart contracts. Miners are the (shard) nodes in the network who run the consensus protocol and get rewarded for their service in Zillings (ZIL). The mining network is divided into several smaller networks called shards, which is also referred to as ‘network sharding’. Miners subsequently are randomly assigned to a shard by another set of miners called DS (Directory Service) nodes. The regular shards process transactions and the outputs of these shards are eventually combined by the DS shard as they reach consensus on the final state. More on how these DS shards reach consensus (via pBFT) will be explained later on.
 
The Zilliqa network produces two types of blocks: DS blocks and Tx blocks. One DS Block consists of 100 Tx Blocks. And as previously mentioned there are two types of nodes concerned with reaching consensus: shard nodes and DS nodes. Becoming a shard node or DS node is being defined by the result of a PoW cycle (Ethash) at the beginning of the DS Block. All candidate mining nodes compete with each other and run the PoW (Proof-of-Work) cycle for 60 seconds and the submissions achieving the highest difficulty will be allowed on the network. And to put it in perspective: the average difficulty for one DS node is ~ 2 Th/s equaling 2.000.000 Mh/s or 55 thousand+ GeForce GTX 1070 / 8 GB GPUs at 35.4 Mh/s. Each DS Block 10 new DS nodes are allowed. And a shard node needs to provide around 8.53 GH/s currently (around 240 GTX 1070s). Dual mining ETH/ETC and ZIL is possible and can be done via mining software such as Phoenix and Claymore. There are pools and if you have large amounts of hashing power (Ethash) available you could mine solo.
 
The PoW cycle of 60 seconds is a peak performance and acts as an entry ticket to the network. The entry ticket is called a sybil resistance mechanism and makes it incredibly hard for adversaries to spawn lots of identities and manipulate the network with these identities. And after every 100 Tx Blocks which corresponds to roughly 1,5 hour this PoW process repeats. In between these 1,5 hour, no PoW needs to be done meaning Zilliqa’s energy consumption to keep the network secure is low. For more detailed information on how mining works click here.
Okay, hats off to you. You have made it this far. Before we go any deeper down the rabbit hole we first must understand why Zilliqa goes through all of the above technicalities and understand a bit more what a blockchain on a more fundamental level is. Because the core of Zilliqa’s consensus protocol relies on the usage of pBFT (practical Byzantine Fault Tolerance) we need to know more about state machines and their function. Navigate to Viewblock, a Zilliqa block explorer, and just come back to this article. We will use this site to navigate through a few concepts.
 
We have established that Zilliqa is a public and distributed blockchain. Meaning that everyone with an internet connection can send ZILs, trigger smart contracts, etc. and there is no central authority who fully controls the network. Zilliqa and other public and distributed blockchains (like Bitcoin and Ethereum) can also be defined as state machines.
 
Taking the liberty of paraphrasing examples and definitions given by Samuel Brooks’ medium article, he describes the definition of a blockchain (like Zilliqa) as: “A peer-to-peer, append-only datastore that uses consensus to synchronize cryptographically-secure data”.
 
Next, he states that: "blockchains are fundamentally systems for managing valid state transitions”. For some more context, I recommend reading the whole medium article to get a better grasp of the definitions and understanding of state machines. Nevertheless, let’s try to simplify and compile it into a single paragraph. Take traffic lights as an example: all its states (red, amber, and green) are predefined, all possible outcomes are known and it doesn’t matter if you encounter the traffic light today or tomorrow. It will still behave the same. Managing the states of a traffic light can be done by triggering a sensor on the road or pushing a button resulting in one traffic lights’ state going from green to red (via amber) and another light from red to green.
 
With public blockchains like Zilliqa, this isn’t so straightforward and simple. It started with block #1 almost 1,5 years ago and every 45 seconds or so a new block linked to the previous block is being added. Resulting in a chain of blocks with transactions in it that everyone can verify from block #1 to the current #647.000+ block. The state is ever changing and the states it can find itself in are infinite. And while the traffic light might work together in tandem with various other traffic lights, it’s rather insignificant comparing it to a public blockchain. Because Zilliqa consists of 2400 nodes who need to work together to achieve consensus on what the latest valid state is while some of these nodes may have latency or broadcast issues, drop offline or are deliberately trying to attack the network, etc.
 
Now go back to the Viewblock page take a look at the amount of transaction, addresses, block and DS height and then hit refresh. Obviously as expected you see new incremented values on one or all parameters. And how did the Zilliqa blockchain manage to transition from a previous valid state to the latest valid state? By using pBFT to reach consensus on the latest valid state.
 
After having obtained the entry ticket, miners execute pBFT to reach consensus on the ever-changing state of the blockchain. pBFT requires a series of network communication between nodes, and as such there is no GPU involved (but CPU). Resulting in the total energy consumed to keep the blockchain secure, decentralized and scalable being low.
 
pBFT stands for practical Byzantine Fault Tolerance and is an optimization on the Byzantine Fault Tolerant algorithm. To quote Blockonomi: “In the context of distributed systems, Byzantine Fault Tolerance is the ability of a distributed computer network to function as desired and correctly reach a sufficient consensus despite malicious components (nodes) of the system failing or propagating incorrect information to other peers.” Zilliqa is such a distributed computer network and depends on the honesty of the nodes (shard and DS) to reach consensus and to continuously update the state with the latest block. If pBFT is a new term for you I can highly recommend the Blockonomi article.
 
The idea of pBFT was introduced in 1999 - one of the authors even won a Turing award for it - and it is well researched and applied in various blockchains and distributed systems nowadays. If you want more advanced information than the Blockonomi link provides click here. And if you’re in between Blockonomi and the University of Singapore read the Zilliqa Design Story Part 2 dating from October 2017.
Quoting from the Zilliqa tech whitepaper: “pBFT relies upon a correct leader (which is randomly selected) to begin each phase and proceed when the sufficient majority exists. In case the leader is byzantine it can stall the entire consensus protocol. To address this challenge, pBFT offers a view change protocol to replace the byzantine leader with another one.”
 
pBFT can tolerate ⅓ of the nodes being dishonest (offline counts as Byzantine = dishonest) and the consensus protocol will function without stalling or hiccups. Once there are more than ⅓ of dishonest nodes but no more than ⅔ the network will be stalled and a view change will be triggered to elect a new DS leader. Only when more than ⅔ of the nodes are dishonest (66%) double-spend attacks become possible.
 
If the network stalls no transactions can be processed and one has to wait until a new honest leader has been elected. When the mainnet was just launched and in its early phases, view changes happened regularly. As of today the last stalling of the network - and view change being triggered - was at the end of October 2019.
 
Another benefit of using pBFT for consensus besides low energy is the immediate finality it provides. Once your transaction is included in a block and the block is added to the chain it’s done. Lastly, take a look at this article where three types of finality are being defined: probabilistic, absolute and economic finality. Zilliqa falls under the absolute finality (just like Tendermint for example). Although lengthy already we skipped through some of the inner workings from Zilliqa’s consensus: read the Zilliqa Design Story Part 3 and you will be close to having a complete picture on it. Enough about PoW, sybil resistance mechanism, pBFT, etc. Another thing we haven’t looked at yet is the amount of decentralization.
 
Decentralisation
 
Currently, there are four shards, each one of them consisting of 600 nodes. 1 shard with 600 so-called DS nodes (Directory Service - they need to achieve a higher difficulty than shard nodes) and 1800 shard nodes of which 250 are shard guards (centralized nodes controlled by the team). The amount of shard guards has been steadily declining from 1200 in January 2019 to 250 as of May 2020. On the Viewblock statistics, you can see that many of the nodes are being located in the US but those are only the (CPU parts of the) shard nodes who perform pBFT. There is no data from where the PoW sources are coming. And when the Zilliqa blockchain starts reaching its transaction capacity limit, a network upgrade needs to be executed to lift the current cap of maximum 2400 nodes to allow more nodes and formation of more shards which will allow to network to keep on scaling according to demand.
Besides shard nodes there are also seed nodes. The main role of seed nodes is to serve as direct access points (for end-users and clients) to the core Zilliqa network that validates transactions. Seed nodes consolidate transaction requests and forward these to the lookup nodes (another type of nodes) for distribution to the shards in the network. Seed nodes also maintain the entire transaction history and the global state of the blockchain which is needed to provide services such as block explorers. Seed nodes in the Zilliqa network are comparable to Infura on Ethereum.
 
The seed nodes were first only operated by Zilliqa themselves, exchanges and Viewblock. Operators of seed nodes like exchanges had no incentive to open them for the greater public. They were centralised at first. Decentralisation at the seed nodes level has been steadily rolled out since March 2020 ( Zilliqa Improvement Proposal 3 ). Currently the amount of seed nodes is being increased, they are public-facing and at the same time PoS is applied to incentivize seed node operators and make it possible for ZIL holders to stake and earn passive yields. Important distinction: seed nodes are not involved with consensus! That is still PoW as entry ticket and pBFT for the actual consensus.
 
5% of the block rewards are being assigned to seed nodes (from the beginning in 2019) and those are being used to pay out ZIL stakers. The 5% block rewards with an annual yield of 10.03% translate to roughly 610 MM ZILs in total that can be staked. Exchanges use the custodial variant of staking and wallets like Moonlet will use the non-custodial version (starting in Q3 2020). Staking is being done by sending ZILs to a smart contract created by Zilliqa and audited by Quantstamp.
 
With a high amount of DS; shard nodes and seed nodes becoming more decentralized too, Zilliqa qualifies for the label of decentralized in my opinion.
 
Smart contracts
 
Let me start by saying I’m not a developer and my programming skills are quite limited. So I‘m taking the ELI5 route (maybe 12) but if you are familiar with Javascript, Solidity or specifically OCaml please head straight to Scilla - read the docs to get a good initial grasp of how Zilliqa’s smart contract language Scilla works and if you ask yourself “why another programming language?” check this article. And if you want to play around with some sample contracts in an IDE click here. The faucet can be found here. And more information on architecture, dapp development and API can be found on the Developer Portal.
If you are more into listening and watching: check this recent webinar explaining Zilliqa and Scilla. Link is time-stamped so you’ll start right away with a platform introduction, roadmap 2020 and afterwards a proper Scilla introduction.
 
Generalized: programming languages can be divided into being ‘object-oriented’ or ‘functional’. Here is an ELI5 given by software development academy: * “all programs have two basic components, data – what the program knows – and behavior – what the program can do with that data. So object-oriented programming states that combining data and related behaviors in one place, is called “object”, which makes it easier to understand how a particular program works. On the other hand, functional programming argues that data and behavior are different things and should be separated to ensure their clarity.” *
 
Scilla is on the functional side and shares similarities with OCaml: OCaml is a general-purpose programming language with an emphasis on expressiveness and safety. It has an advanced type system that helps catch your mistakes without getting in your way. It's used in environments where a single mistake can cost millions and speed matters, is supported by an active community, and has a rich set of libraries and development tools. For all its power, OCaml is also pretty simple, which is one reason it's often used as a teaching language.
 
Scilla is blockchain agnostic, can be implemented onto other blockchains as well, is recognized by academics and won a so-called Distinguished Artifact Award award at the end of last year.
 
One of the reasons why the Zilliqa team decided to create their own programming language focused on preventing smart contract vulnerabilities is that adding logic on a blockchain, programming, means that you cannot afford to make mistakes. Otherwise, it could cost you. It’s all great and fun blockchains being immutable but updating your code because you found a bug isn’t the same as with a regular web application for example. And with smart contracts, it inherently involves cryptocurrencies in some form thus value.
 
Another difference with programming languages on a blockchain is gas. Every transaction you do on a smart contract platform like Zilliqa or Ethereum costs gas. With gas you basically pay for computational costs. Sending a ZIL from address A to address B costs 0.001 ZIL currently. Smart contracts are more complex, often involve various functions and require more gas (if gas is a new concept click here ).
 
So with Scilla, similar to Solidity, you need to make sure that “every function in your smart contract will run as expected without hitting gas limits. An improper resource analysis may lead to situations where funds may get stuck simply because a part of the smart contract code cannot be executed due to gas limits. Such constraints are not present in traditional software systems”. Scilla design story part 1
 
Some examples of smart contract issues you’d want to avoid are: leaking funds, ‘unexpected changes to critical state variables’ (example: someone other than you setting his or her address as the owner of the smart contract after creation) or simply killing a contract.
 
Scilla also allows for formal verification. Wikipedia to the rescue: In the context of hardware and software systems, formal verification is the act of proving or disproving the correctness of intended algorithms underlying a system with respect to a certain formal specification or property, using formal methods of mathematics.
 
Formal verification can be helpful in proving the correctness of systems such as: cryptographic protocols, combinational circuits, digital circuits with internal memory, and software expressed as source code.
 
Scilla is being developed hand-in-hand with formalization of its semantics and its embedding into the Coq proof assistant — a state-of-the art tool for mechanized proofs about properties of programs.”
 
Simply put, with Scilla and accompanying tooling developers can be mathematically sure and proof that the smart contract they’ve written does what he or she intends it to do.
 
Smart contract on a sharded environment and state sharding
 
There is one more topic I’d like to touch on: smart contract execution in a sharded environment (and what is the effect of state sharding). This is a complex topic. I’m not able to explain it any easier than what is posted here. But I will try to compress the post into something easy to digest.
 
Earlier on we have established that Zilliqa can process transactions in parallel due to network sharding. This is where the linear scalability comes from. We can define simple transactions: a transaction from address A to B (Category 1), a transaction where a user interacts with one smart contract (Category 2) and the most complex ones where triggering a transaction results in multiple smart contracts being involved (Category 3). The shards are able to process transactions on their own without interference of the other shards. With Category 1 transactions that is doable, with Category 2 transactions sometimes if that address is in the same shard as the smart contract but with Category 3 you definitely need communication between the shards. Solving that requires to make a set of communication rules the protocol needs to follow in order to process all transactions in a generalised fashion.
 
And this is where the downsides of state sharding comes in currently. All shards in Zilliqa have access to the complete state. Yes the state size (0.1 GB at the moment) grows and all of the nodes need to store it but it also means that they don’t need to shop around for information available on other shards. Requiring more communication and adding more complexity. Computer science knowledge and/or developer knowledge required links if you want to dig further: Scilla - language grammar Scilla - Foundations for Verifiable Decentralised Computations on a Blockchain Gas Accounting NUS x Zilliqa: Smart contract language workshop
 
Easier to follow links on programming Scilla https://learnscilla.com/home Ivan on Tech
 
Roadmap / Zilliqa 2.0
 
There is no strict defined roadmap but here are topics being worked on. And via the Zilliqa website there is also more information on the projects they are working on.
 
Business & Partnerships
 
It’s not only technology in which Zilliqa seems to be excelling as their ecosystem has been expanding and starting to grow rapidly. The project is on a mission to provide OpenFinance (OpFi) to the world and Singapore is the right place to be due to its progressive regulations and futuristic thinking. Singapore has taken a proactive approach towards cryptocurrencies by introducing the Payment Services Act 2019 (PS Act). Among other things, the PS Act will regulate intermediaries dealing with certain cryptocurrencies, with a particular focus on consumer protection and anti-money laundering. It will also provide a stable regulatory licensing and operating framework for cryptocurrency entities, effectively covering all crypto businesses and exchanges based in Singapore. According to PWC 82% of the surveyed executives in Singapore reported blockchain initiatives underway and 13% of them have already brought the initiatives live to the market. There is also an increasing list of organizations that are starting to provide digital payment services. Moreover, Singaporean blockchain developers Building Cities Beyond has recently created an innovation $15 million grant to encourage development on its ecosystem. This all suggests that Singapore tries to position itself as (one of) the leading blockchain hubs in the world.
 
Zilliqa seems to already take advantage of this and recently helped launch Hg Exchange on their platform, together with financial institutions PhillipCapital, PrimePartners and Fundnel. Hg Exchange, which is now approved by the Monetary Authority of Singapore (MAS), uses smart contracts to represent digital assets. Through Hg Exchange financial institutions worldwide can use Zilliqa's safe-by-design smart contracts to enable the trading of private equities. For example, think of companies such as Grab, Airbnb, SpaceX that are not available for public trading right now. Hg Exchange will allow investors to buy shares of private companies & unicorns and capture their value before an IPO. Anquan, the main company behind Zilliqa, has also recently announced that they became a partner and shareholder in TEN31 Bank, which is a fully regulated bank allowing for tokenization of assets and is aiming to bridge the gap between conventional banking and the blockchain world. If STOs, the tokenization of assets, and equity trading will continue to increase, then Zilliqa’s public blockchain would be the ideal candidate due to its strategic positioning, partnerships, regulatory compliance and the technology that is being built on top of it.
 
What is also very encouraging is their focus on banking the un(der)banked. They are launching a stablecoin basket starting with XSGD. As many of you know, stablecoins are currently mostly used for trading. However, Zilliqa is actively trying to broaden the use case of stablecoins. I recommend everybody to read this text that Amrit Kumar wrote (one of the co-founders). These stablecoins will be integrated in the traditional markets and bridge the gap between the crypto world and the traditional world. This could potentially revolutionize and legitimise the crypto space if retailers and companies will for example start to use stablecoins for payments or remittances, instead of it solely being used for trading.
 
Zilliqa also released their DeFi strategic roadmap (dating November 2019) which seems to be aligning well with their OpFi strategy. A non-custodial DEX is coming to Zilliqa made by Switcheo which allows cross-chain trading (atomic swaps) between ETH, EOS and ZIL based tokens. They also signed a Memorandum of Understanding for a (soon to be announced) USD stablecoin. And as Zilliqa is all about regulations and being compliant, I’m speculating on it to be a regulated USD stablecoin. Furthermore, XSGD is already created and visible on block explorer and XIDR (Indonesian Stablecoin) is also coming soon via StraitsX. Here also an overview of the Tech Stack for Financial Applications from September 2019. Further quoting Amrit Kumar on this:
 
There are two basic building blocks in DeFi/OpFi though: 1) stablecoins as you need a non-volatile currency to get access to this market and 2) a dex to be able to trade all these financial assets. The rest are built on top of these blocks.
 
So far, together with our partners and community, we have worked on developing these building blocks with XSGD as a stablecoin. We are working on bringing a USD-backed stablecoin as well. We will soon have a decentralised exchange developed by Switcheo. And with HGX going live, we are also venturing into the tokenization space. More to come in the future.”
 
Additionally, they also have this ZILHive initiative that injects capital into projects. There have been already 6 waves of various teams working on infrastructure, innovation and research, and they are not from ASEAN or Singapore only but global: see Grantees breakdown by country. Over 60 project teams from over 20 countries have contributed to Zilliqa's ecosystem. This includes individuals and teams developing wallets, explorers, developer toolkits, smart contract testing frameworks, dapps, etc. As some of you may know, Unstoppable Domains (UD) blew up when they launched on Zilliqa. UD aims to replace cryptocurrency addresses with a human-readable name and allows for uncensorable websites. Zilliqa will probably be the only one able to handle all these transactions onchain due to ability to scale and its resulting low fees which is why the UD team launched this on Zilliqa in the first place. Furthermore, Zilliqa also has a strong emphasis on security, compliance, and privacy, which is why they partnered with companies like Elliptic, ChainSecurity (part of PwC Switzerland), and Incognito. Their sister company Aqilliz (Zilliqa spelled backwards) focuses on revolutionizing the digital advertising space and is doing interesting things like using Zilliqa to track outdoor digital ads with companies like Foodpanda.
 
Zilliqa is listed on nearly all major exchanges, having several different fiat-gateways and recently have been added to Binance’s margin trading and futures trading with really good volume. They also have a very impressive team with good credentials and experience. They don't just have “tech people”. They have a mix of tech people, business people, marketeers, scientists, and more. Naturally, it's good to have a mix of people with different skill sets if you work in the crypto space.
 
Marketing & Community
 
Zilliqa has a very strong community. If you just follow their Twitter their engagement is much higher for a coin that has approximately 80k followers. They also have been ‘coin of the day’ by LunarCrush many times. LunarCrush tracks real-time cryptocurrency value and social data. According to their data, it seems Zilliqa has a more fundamental and deeper understanding of marketing and community engagement than almost all other coins. While almost all coins have been a bit frozen in the last months, Zilliqa seems to be on its own bull run. It was somewhere in the 100s a few months ago and is currently ranked #46 on CoinGecko. Their official Telegram also has over 20k people and is very active, and their community channel which is over 7k now is more active and larger than many other official channels. Their local communities also seem to be growing.
 
Moreover, their community started ‘Zillacracy’ together with the Zilliqa core team ( see www.zillacracy.com ). It’s a community-run initiative where people from all over the world are now helping with marketing and development on Zilliqa. Since its launch in February 2020 they have been doing a lot and will also run their own non-custodial seed node for staking. This seed node will also allow them to start generating revenue for them to become a self sustaining entity that could potentially scale up to become a decentralized company working in parallel with the Zilliqa core team. Comparing it to all the other smart contract platforms (e.g. Cardano, EOS, Tezos etc.) they don't seem to have started a similar initiative (correct me if I’m wrong though). This suggests in my opinion that these other smart contract platforms do not fully understand how to utilize the ‘power of the community’. This is something you cannot ‘buy with money’ and gives many projects in the space a disadvantage.
 
Zilliqa also released two social products called SocialPay and Zeeves. SocialPay allows users to earn ZILs while tweeting with a specific hashtag. They have recently used it in partnership with the Singapore Red Cross for a marketing campaign after their initial pilot program. It seems like a very valuable social product with a good use case. I can see a lot of traditional companies entering the space through this product, which they seem to suggest will happen. Tokenizing hashtags with smart contracts to get network effect is a very smart and innovative idea.
 
Regarding Zeeves, this is a tipping bot for Telegram. They already have 1000s of signups and they plan to keep upgrading it for more and more people to use it (e.g. they recently have added a quiz features). They also use it during AMAs to reward people in real-time. It’s a very smart approach to grow their communities and get familiar with ZIL. I can see this becoming very big on Telegram. This tool suggests, again, that the Zilliqa team has a deeper understanding of what the crypto space and community needs and is good at finding the right innovative tools to grow and scale.
 
To be honest, I haven’t covered everything (i’m also reaching the character limited haha). So many updates happening lately that it's hard to keep up, such as the International Monetary Fund mentioning Zilliqa in their report, custodial and non-custodial Staking, Binance Margin, Futures, Widget, entering the Indian market, and more. The Head of Marketing Colin Miles has also released this as an overview of what is coming next. And last but not least, Vitalik Buterin has been mentioning Zilliqa lately acknowledging Zilliqa and mentioning that both projects have a lot of room to grow. There is much more info of course and a good part of it has been served to you on a silver platter. I invite you to continue researching by yourself :-) And if you have any comments or questions please post here!
submitted by haveyouheardaboutit to CryptoCurrency [link] [comments]

Wife of Norwegian billionaire has been missing since Oct. 31st 2018. She is presumed kidnapped and/or killed. There was a ransom note left at the crime scene, demanding 9 million Euros in crypto currency. What happened to Anne-Elisabeth Hagen?

So.. I have been waiting for months for someone to write about this case here, and since no one has I suppose I’ll have to give it a shot. This is my first reddit post so mishaps are bound to happen, English is not my first language, apologies for any mistakes, etc… (is this a meme yet?) Edit: wow, holy crap! I didn't expect to be given gold! Thank you kind stranger!
Edit: I have added more to the bottom of this post to clear up some confusion or add more important information that I missed the first time.
Anne-Elisabeth Falkevik Hagen (68) is the wife of Norwegian billionaire Tom Hagen, an investor and co-founder of a company called Elkraft. They married young, only 19 years old, before Hagen made his fortune. Although Hagen is now one of Norway’s richest people, the 172nd richest according to financial magazine Kapital, he and his wife have seemingly led unassuming, quiet lives. From an outsiders perspective they seem like the kind of billionaires you could only hope to be if you ever found yourself in such financial luck, grounded and down to earth, living in the same house for almost 40 years, in a suburb of Oslo called Lørenskog. Tom drives a simple Citroën car. They are parents and grandparents. You would never look at them and think "ah, rich people!".
Their house looks like any suburban Norwegian home, there’s nothing flashy or noteworthy about it. No extra security surrounding the area either. There are no gated communities in Norway, but there are still security measures one can take, and probably should take if you’re that rich, and the fact that they hadn’t might have been one of the reasons Anne-Elisabeth was targeted.
This case reads more like a Hollywood movie than an actual crime case to me, because we don’t really have crime like this in Norway. The police kept the alleged kidnapping a secret until January 9th. Since then little pieces of information have come out or developments have happened in the case, but Anne-Elisabeth is still missing. The police now presumes she has been killed, perhaps even on the day she disappeared. Her family, who speaks to the media through their lawyer, still holds out hope that she might be alive.

I’ll try to keep everything precise and easy to follow:
November
Because of the threats in the letter, the police can’t go out with any information regarding Anne-Elisabeth’s disappearance. They have to work very carefully and quietly in their home to secure evidence from the crime scene. KRIPOS (The National Criminal Investigation Service) and ØKOKRIM (National Authority for Investigation and Prosecution of Economic and Environmental Crime in Norway) get involved.
The police finds traces of Anne-Elisabeths blood inside the house, as well as a shoe print. It is unclear whether or not the blood was from the day of the disappearance. The amount of blood found is reportedly “not unusual” because she lived there, which I take to mean it was very little.
Tom Hagen continues to go to work, people describe him as unsociable and desolate during this period. Neighbors are told Anne-Elisabeth is “away”, and family members are kept in the dark as well. At the end of November family members are starting to feel like something is going on. Finally they find out that Anne-Elisabeth is missing, and there are talks of a kidnapping. No one is allowed to say anything.
December
The investigation is still top secret.
January 9th
The police finally allow the media to talk about the case. Norwegian media have known about it for a long time but have been told not to say anything yet. The apparent kidnapping is announced in a press conference after 10 weeks of utmost secrecy.
A few days after the press conference, the police releases a video of the area around Tom Hagen's workplace. A man can be seen walking down the road next to Tom’s place of work at 7:36am on the morning of the crime. He then abruptly stops and turns around to walk back the same way from where he came.
24 minutes later, another man can be seen walking down the same way. He is passed by a cyclist, who has been identified. The two other men have never come forward. It has been theorised that these two men might have been a look-out of sorts.
January 16th
The family receives a new message from the person or people who claim to have Anne-Elisabeth. This message is recieved through crypto currency (bitcoin this time). I’m not quite sure how this works, but from what I’ve read it’s a difficult and insufficient way to communicate.
January 27th
The family again is in communication with the alleged kidnappers.
Some people find it curious at this point that these alleged kidnappers have been unwilling to communicate with the family during the ten weeks of secrecy, but now that the world knows, they are willing to talk. Who is behind this, exactly? Professional criminals who saw an opportunity after the article in Dagens Næringsliv was published and they realised the man in question lives completely unprotected? A family member? Enemies of Tom Hagen? Could it be Tom himself? Who would want to hurt this woman? Rumours are spreading.
February
The police advice the family not to pay the ransom unless they receive evidence of Anne-Elisabeth’s well-being. This is stressed in every press conference, both in Norwegian and English. The family is hopeful that proof will now be provided, seeing as the alleged kidnappers are now willing to talk, albeit very little. However, they receive nothing.
The police interviews a lot of people, including business partners of Tom’s.
April
After a long Norwegian winter, the police wants to search the lake right next to Tom and Anne-Elisabeth’s house. They employ a police dog specialized in search in water (the same dog who helped in the Kim Wall case). It’s unclear whether or not they actually find anything during this search. Certainly no body or anything like that.
May
The family decides to attempt contacting the alleged kidnappers themselves. They haven’t heard anything at all since January 27th. No evidence of Anne-Elisabeth’s well-being has been provided, and none is provided this time either.
June
The police officially changes their main hypothesis. They now believe Anne-Elisabeth was murdered, and not kidnapped for financial gain. They believe the ransom note as well as any evidence found in the house might have been staged to look like a kidnapping.
More surprisingly, the police officially cancels any further search of the two men seen in the surveillance video outside of Tom Hagen’s work the morning of Anne-Elisabeth’s disappearance. They still have not been identified and it is unknown why the police now believes them not to be involved.
July 8th
The family lawyer Svein Holden receives an e-mail from the dark web. It is written in Norwegian, and the writing style suggests that it may have been written by the same person who penned the ransom note. According to Svein Holden this e-mail contains information that only a perpetrator would know. The message of this e-mail is as follows: in order to receive evidence of Anne-Elisabeth being alive, the family has to pay.
It is again commented on by outsiders how odd it is that this message is received now, five months after the previous one, and right after the police changed their main hypothesis.
Tom Hagen decides to pay 1.3 million Euros in crypto currency. He receives nothing in return.
August
The shoe print found at the crime scene is sent for analysis to police all over Europe. German police finds out that the print belongs to a shoe by the brand Sprox, and is in European size 45. It is sold in Norway at Sparkjøp. The police now requests help from the public, and everyone who have purchased these shoes in cash is encouraged to come forward.
September
The cable tie left at the crime scene has been analysed and has been found to be produced in China and sold in Norway at Biltema.
Both Biltema and Sparkjøp are fairly common stores in Norway.
October
The police have now also analysed the paper the ransom note was written on and the envelope it came in. It was purchased at Clas Ohlson, another common store in Norway. All three stores tied to this case are located in Romerike, the district in which Tom and Anne-Elisabeth Hagen lives.
It’s closing in on a year since Anne-Elisabeth disappeared without a trace. The entire country is awaiting answers. The 25th of October would have been Tom and Anne-Elisabeth’s Golden wedding anniversary. On Thursday the 31st, 365 days have passed since this all happened. But it is not a Halloween tale, it is real life. What happened to her? Where is she? Could she still be alive after all this time?
Edited to add more information or clear up some confusing things:
I'll continue to update if I see common questions or there's anything else I remember!

Sources (unfortunately mostly in Norwegian):https://www.vg.no/spesial/2019/lorenskog-forsvinningen-ett-aa?maaned=sommer2018 https://www.vg.no/nyheteinnenriks/i/KvJ6lG/frigir-film-fra-forsvinningsdagen-frykter-ektemannen-ble-holdt-under-oppsikt https://www.dn.no/marked/tom-hagen/strom/eiendom/tom-hagen-tjente-174-millioner-pa-strom-og-eiendom-i-fjo2-1-387353 https://www.cbsnews.com/news/norway-billionaires-wife-anne-elisabeth-falkevik-hagen-being-held-for-ransom/
submitted by __moonflower to UnresolvedMysteries [link] [comments]

I predict a drought coming.

Hopefully not but stock up. Better safe than sorry. Fuck covid19 .
submitted by arkplaysark to NashvilleEnts [link] [comments]

How do you guys view the economy and where to invest in now?

Just watched a few videos on YouTube, this one about how our economy has been built on debt by Economy Explained, Coldfusion's video on how money is being created and Two Cents's video on financial independence.
This makes me pretty concerned about what to invest in. People talk about gold/silver(precious metals) as well as cryptocurrencies. I just started working and well I'm not too sure where to go. I have maybe 1k USD to work with a month in investment.
What do you guys think? I've heard my father say cryptocurrencies like bitcoin is basically fake money as it's backed by nothing but our demand for it which can be inflated by rich people. Kinda understandable as my knowledge is that bitcoin started traction from the silk road selling drugs and accepting bitcoin.
As for gold/silver, I'm not sure if buying physical coins/bars or buying ETFs for those are good ideas. My country(Singapore) has banks which you can open accounts to as quote; "With a Silver Savings Account, you can buy and sell gold/silver without physical delivery".
From Two Cents's videos, they talked about mutual funds and honestly speaking I have not much idea on how etf and mutual funds go about. But as I lose faith in cash money, this mode of investment seems less appealing to me now.
Tldr; I'm afraid of where our debt fueled economy is going and where to invest in while I just started working. Would like people's two cents on these issues.
submitted by sibu12345 to investing [link] [comments]

World’s First KIM Blockchain Jewelry Flagship Store Opens in Chengdu, China

World’s First KIM Blockchain Jewelry Flagship Store Opens in Chengdu, China
CHENGDU, CHINA / ACCESSWIRE / July 22, 2020 / With the epidemic situation improving in China in July, people have gradually started to flock major brand stores in Sino-Ocean Taikoo Li in Chengdu, the commercial heart of southwest China. Scenes of economic vitality and the booming consumer market are clearly visible in the downtown area. The vibrant Silver Square shopping mall that lies directly above the Chunxi Road Metro station exit, adjacent to IFS, is now home to the KIM Jewelry brand, an innovative technology-based diamond brand jointly established by a European financial technology company and a time-honored Austrian diamond vendor.

https://preview.redd.it/le295tte6kc51.jpg?width=549&format=pjpg&auto=webp&s=41c4b163afe0e589168b170310e752d2bf44979b
KIM Jewelry provides comprehensive jewelry services, from loose diamond selection to GIA certification and bespoke design. Each diamond features a blockchain global certification smart contract certificate. Just login to the KIM blockchain to check the origin and history of the diamond. If you customize a larger than 1 carat diamond ring at KIM Jewelry for your loved one or even yourself, you can inscribe an eternal declaration of love or the story behind this unique gift in KIM’s global blockchain smart contract certificate. Even a hundred years later, when your descendants open the KIM smart contract, they can feel your love and the story passed down across generations.
Diamond jewelry have always been a popular investment among high-net-worth individuals in Asia. As the only wearable hedging asset, all KIM custom jewelry come from our exclusive loose diamond mining partners. Using KIM’s service system, you can select your favorite gems online, and our designers will create highly exclusive jewelry for you.
Blockchain is set to be the next generation mainstream technology in the new smart era. From the advent of Bitcoin in 2008 to the trial operation of China’s DCEP digital currency in 2020, this high-end enigmatic technology is gradually seeing more commercial applications. Combining the 7000-year-old jewelry industry and blockchain financial technology, KIM’s flagship store will bring dynamic and unique diamond jewelry services to jewelry lovers.
submitted by kimdiamond001 to u/kimdiamond001 [link] [comments]

Why i’m bullish on Zilliqa (long read)

Hey all, I've been researching coins since 2017 and have gone through 100s of them in the last 3 years. I got introduced to blockchain via Bitcoin of course, analysed Ethereum thereafter and from that moment I have a keen interest in smart contact platforms. I’m passionate about Ethereum but I find Zilliqa to have a better risk reward ratio. Especially because Zilliqa has found an elegant balance between being secure, decentralised and scalable in my opinion.
 
Below I post my analysis why from all the coins I went through I’m most bullish on Zilliqa (yes I went through Tezos, EOS, NEO, VeChain, Harmony, Algorand, Cardano etc.). Note that this is not investment advice and although it's a thorough analysis there is obviously some bias involved. Looking forward to what you all think!
 
Fun fact: the name Zilliqa is a play on ‘silica’ silicon dioxide which means “Silicon for the high-throughput consensus computer.”
 
This post is divided into (i) Technology, (ii) Business & Partnerships, and (iii) Marketing & Community. I’ve tried to make the technology part readable for a broad audience. If you’ve ever tried understanding the inner workings of Bitcoin and Ethereum you should be able to grasp most parts. Otherwise just skim through and once you are zoning out head to the next part.
 
Technology and some more:
 
Introduction The technology is one of the main reasons why I’m so bullish on Zilliqa. First thing you see on their website is: “Zilliqa is a high-performance, high-security blockchain platform for enterprises and next-generation applications.” These are some bold statements.
 
Before we deep dive into the technology let’s take a step back in time first as they have quite the history. The initial research paper from which Zilliqa originated dates back to August 2016: Elastico: A Secure Sharding Protocol For Open Blockchains where Loi Luu (Kyber Network) is one of the co-authors. Other ideas that led to the development of what Zilliqa has become today are: Bitcoin-NG, collective signing CoSi, ByzCoin and Omniledger.
 
The technical white paper was made public in August 2017 and since then they have achieved everything stated in the white paper and also created their own open source intermediate level smart contract language called Scilla (functional programming language similar to OCaml) too.
 
Mainnet is live since end of January 2019 with daily transaction rate growing continuously. About a week ago mainnet reached 5 million transactions, 500.000+ addresses in total along with 2400 nodes keeping the network decentralised and secure. Circulating supply is nearing 11 billion and currently only mining rewards are left. Maximum supply is 21 billion with annual inflation being 7.13% currently and will only decrease with time.
 
Zilliqa realised early on that the usage of public cryptocurrencies and smart contracts were increasing but decentralised, secure and scalable alternatives were lacking in the crypto space. They proposed to apply sharding onto a public smart contract blockchain where the transaction rate increases almost linear with the increase in amount of nodes. More nodes = higher transaction throughput and increased decentralisation. Sharding comes in many forms and Zilliqa uses network-, transaction- and computational sharding. Network sharding opens up the possibility of using transaction- and computational sharding on top. Zilliqa does not use state sharding for now. We’ll come back to this later.
 
Before we continue disecting how Zilliqa achieves such from a technological standpoint it’s good to keep in mind that a blockchain being decentralised and secure and scalable is still one of the main hurdles in allowing widespread usage of decentralised networks. In my opinion this needs to be solved first before blockchains can get to the point where they can create and add large scale value. So I invite you to read the next section to grasp the underlying fundamentals. Because after all these premises need to be true otherwise there isn’t a fundamental case to be bullish on Zilliqa, right?
 
Down the rabbit hole
 
How have they achieved this? Let’s define the basics first: key players on Zilliqa are the users and the miners. A user is anybody who uses the blockchain to transfer funds or run smart contracts. Miners are the (shard) nodes in the network who run the consensus protocol and get rewarded for their service in Zillings (ZIL). The mining network is divided into several smaller networks called shards, which is also referred to as ‘network sharding’. Miners subsequently are randomly assigned to a shard by another set of miners called DS (Directory Service) nodes. The regular shards process transactions and the outputs of these shards are eventually combined by the DS shard as they reach consensus on the final state. More on how these DS shards reach consensus (via pBFT) will be explained later on.
 
The Zilliqa network produces two types of blocks: DS blocks and Tx blocks. One DS Block consists of 100 Tx Blocks. And as previously mentioned there are two types of nodes concerned with reaching consensus: shard nodes and DS nodes. Becoming a shard node or DS node is being defined by the result of a PoW cycle (Ethash) at the beginning of the DS Block. All candidate mining nodes compete with each other and run the PoW (Proof-of-Work) cycle for 60 seconds and the submissions achieving the highest difficulty will be allowed on the network. And to put it in perspective: the average difficulty for one DS node is ~ 2 Th/s equaling 2.000.000 Mh/s or 55 thousand+ GeForce GTX 1070 / 8 GB GPUs at 35.4 Mh/s. Each DS Block 10 new DS nodes are allowed. And a shard node needs to provide around 8.53 GH/s currently (around 240 GTX 1070s). Dual mining ETH/ETC and ZIL is possible and can be done via mining software such as Phoenix and Claymore. There are pools and if you have large amounts of hashing power (Ethash) available you could mine solo.
 
The PoW cycle of 60 seconds is a peak performance and acts as an entry ticket to the network. The entry ticket is called a sybil resistance mechanism and makes it incredibly hard for adversaries to spawn lots of identities and manipulate the network with these identities. And after every 100 Tx Blocks which corresponds to roughly 1,5 hour this PoW process repeats. In between these 1,5 hour no PoW needs to be done meaning Zilliqa’s energy consumption to keep the network secure is low. For more detailed information on how mining works click here.
Okay, hats off to you. You have made it this far. Before we go any deeper down the rabbit hole we first must understand why Zilliqa goes through all of the above technicalities and understand a bit more what a blockchain on a more fundamental level is. Because the core of Zilliqa’s consensus protocol relies on the usage of pBFT (practical Byzantine Fault Tolerance) we need to know more about state machines and their function. Navigate to Viewblock, a Zilliqa block explorer, and just come back to this article. We will use this site to navigate through a few concepts.
 
We have established that Zilliqa is a public and distributed blockchain. Meaning that everyone with an internet connection can send ZILs, trigger smart contracts etc. and there is no central authority who fully controls the network. Zilliqa and other public and distributed blockchains (like Bitcoin and Ethereum) can also be defined as state machines.
 
Taking the liberty of paraphrasing examples and definitions given by Samuel Brooks’ medium article, he describes the definition of a blockchain (like Zilliqa) as:
“A peer-to-peer, append-only datastore that uses consensus to synchronise cryptographically-secure data”.
 
Next he states that: >“blockchains are fundamentally systems for managing valid state transitions”.* For some more context, I recommend reading the whole medium article to get a better grasp of the definitions and understanding of state machines. Nevertheless, let’s try to simplify and compile it into a single paragraph. Take traffic lights as an example: all its states (red, amber and green) are predefined, all possible outcomes are known and it doesn’t matter if you encounter the traffic light today or tomorrow. It will still behave the same. Managing the states of a traffic light can be done by triggering a sensor on the road or pushing a button resulting in one traffic lights’ state going from green to red (via amber) and another light from red to green.
 
With public blockchains like Zilliqa this isn’t so straightforward and simple. It started with block #1 almost 1,5 years ago and every 45 seconds or so a new block linked to the previous block is being added. Resulting in a chain of blocks with transactions in it that everyone can verify from block #1 to the current #647.000+ block. The state is ever changing and the states it can find itself in are infinite. And while the traffic light might work together in tandem with various other traffic lights, it’s rather insignificant comparing it to a public blockchain. Because Zilliqa consists of 2400 nodes who need to work together to achieve consensus on what the latest valid state is while some of these nodes may have latency or broadcast issues, drop offline or are deliberately trying to attack the network etc.
 
Now go back to the Viewblock page take a look at the amount of transaction, addresses, block and DS height and then hit refresh. Obviously as expected you see new incremented values on one or all parameters. And how did the Zilliqa blockchain manage to transition from a previous valid state to the latest valid state? By using pBFT to reach consensus on the latest valid state.
 
After having obtained the entry ticket, miners execute pBFT to reach consensus on the ever changing state of the blockchain. pBFT requires a series of network communication between nodes, and as such there is no GPU involved (but CPU). Resulting in the total energy consumed to keep the blockchain secure, decentralised and scalable being low.
 
pBFT stands for practical Byzantine Fault Tolerance and is an optimisation on the Byzantine Fault Tolerant algorithm. To quote Blockonomi: “In the context of distributed systems, Byzantine Fault Tolerance is the ability of a distributed computer network to function as desired and correctly reach a sufficient consensus despite malicious components (nodes) of the system failing or propagating incorrect information to other peers.” Zilliqa is such a distributed computer network and depends on the honesty of the nodes (shard and DS) to reach consensus and to continuously update the state with the latest block. If pBFT is a new term for you I can highly recommend the Blockonomi article.
 
The idea of pBFT was introduced in 1999 - one of the authors even won a Turing award for it - and it is well researched and applied in various blockchains and distributed systems nowadays. If you want more advanced information than the Blockonomi link provides click here. And if you’re in between Blockonomi and University of Singapore read the Zilliqa Design Story Part 2 dating from October 2017.
Quoting from the Zilliqa tech whitepaper: “pBFT relies upon a correct leader (which is randomly selected) to begin each phase and proceed when the sufficient majority exists. In case the leader is byzantine it can stall the entire consensus protocol. To address this challenge, pBFT offers a view change protocol to replace the byzantine leader with another one.”
 
pBFT can tolerate ⅓ of the nodes being dishonest (offline counts as Byzantine = dishonest) and the consensus protocol will function without stalling or hiccups. Once there are more than ⅓ of dishonest nodes but no more than ⅔ the network will be stalled and a view change will be triggered to elect a new DS leader. Only when more than ⅔ of the nodes are dishonest (>66%) double spend attacks become possible.
 
If the network stalls no transactions can be processed and one has to wait until a new honest leader has been elected. When the mainnet was just launched and in its early phases, view changes happened regularly. As of today the last stalling of the network - and view change being triggered - was at the end of October 2019.
 
Another benefit of using pBFT for consensus besides low energy is the immediate finality it provides. Once your transaction is included in a block and the block is added to the chain it’s done. Lastly, take a look at this article where three types of finality are being defined: probabilistic, absolute and economic finality. Zilliqa falls under the absolute finality (just like Tendermint for example). Although lengthy already we skipped through some of the inner workings from Zilliqa’s consensus: read the Zilliqa Design Story Part 3 and you will be close to having a complete picture on it. Enough about PoW, sybil resistance mechanism, pBFT etc. Another thing we haven’t looked at yet is the amount of decentralisation.
 
Decentralisation
 
Currently there are four shards, each one of them consisting of 600 nodes. 1 shard with 600 so called DS nodes (Directory Service - they need to achieve a higher difficulty than shard nodes) and 1800 shard nodes of which 250 are shard guards (centralised nodes controlled by the team). The amount of shard guards has been steadily declining from 1200 in January 2019 to 250 as of May 2020. On the Viewblock statistics you can see that many of the nodes are being located in the US but those are only the (CPU parts of the) shard nodes who perform pBFT. There is no data from where the PoW sources are coming. And when the Zilliqa blockchain starts reaching their transaction capacity limit, a network upgrade needs to be executed to lift the current cap of maximum 2400 nodes to allow more nodes and formation of more shards which will allow to network to keep on scaling according to demand.
Besides shard nodes there are also seed nodes. The main role of seed nodes is to serve as direct access points (for end users and clients) to the core Zilliqa network that validates transactions. Seed nodes consolidate transaction requests and forward these to the lookup nodes (another type of nodes) for distribution to the shards in the network. Seed nodes also maintain the entire transaction history and the global state of the blockchain which is needed to provide services such as block explorers. Seed nodes in the Zilliqa network are comparable to Infura on Ethereum.
 
The seed nodes were first only operated by Zilliqa themselves, exchanges and Viewblock. Operators of seed nodes like exchanges had no incentive to open them for the greater public.They were centralised at first. Decentralisation at the seed nodes level has been steadily rolled out since March 2020 ( Zilliqa Improvement Proposal 3 ). Currently the amount of seed nodes is being increased, they are public facing and at the same time PoS is applied to incentivize seed node operators and make it possible for ZIL holders to stake and earn passive yields. Important distinction: seed nodes are not involved with consensus! That is still PoW as entry ticket and pBFT for the actual consensus.
 
5% of the block rewards are being assigned to seed nodes (from the beginning in 2019) and those are being used to pay out ZIL stakers.The 5% block rewards with an annual yield of 10.03% translates to roughly 610 MM ZILs in total that can be staked. Exchanges use the custodial variant of staking and wallets like Moonlet will use the non custodial version (starting in Q3 2020). Staking is being done by sending ZILs to a smart contract created by Zilliqa and audited by Quantstamp.
 
With a high amount of DS & shard nodes and seed nodes becoming more decentralised too, Zilliqa qualifies for the label of decentralised in my opinion.
 
Smart contracts
 
Let me start by saying I’m not a developer and my programming skills are quite limited. So I‘m taking the ELI5 route (maybe 12) but if you are familiar with Javascript, Solidity or specifically OCaml please head straight to Scilla - read the docs to get a good initial grasp of how Zilliqa’s smart contract language Scilla works and if you ask yourself “why another programming language?” check this article. And if you want to play around with some sample contracts in an IDE click here. Faucet can be found here. And more information on architecture, dapp development and API can be found on the Developer Portal.
If you are more into listening and watching: check this recent webinar explaining Zilliqa and Scilla. Link is time stamped so you’ll start right away with a platform introduction, R&D roadmap 2020 and afterwards a proper Scilla introduction.
 
Generalised: programming languages can be divided into being ‘object oriented’ or ‘functional’. Here is an ELI5 given by software development academy: > “all programmes have two basic components, data – what the programme knows – and behaviour – what the programme can do with that data. So object-oriented programming states that combining data and related behaviours in one place, is called “object”, which makes it easier to understand how a particular program works. On the other hand, functional programming argues that data and behaviour are different things and should be separated to ensure their clarity.”
 
Scilla is on the functional side and shares similarities with OCaml: > OCaml is a general purpose programming language with an emphasis on expressiveness and safety. It has an advanced type system that helps catch your mistakes without getting in your way. It's used in environments where a single mistake can cost millions and speed matters, is supported by an active community, and has a rich set of libraries and development tools. For all its power, OCaml is also pretty simple, which is one reason it's often used as a teaching language.
 
Scilla is blockchain agnostic, can be implemented onto other blockchains as well, is recognised by academics and won a so called Distinguished Artifact Award award at the end of last year.
 
One of the reasons why the Zilliqa team decided to create their own programming language focused on preventing smart contract vulnerabilities safety is that adding logic on a blockchain, programming, means that you cannot afford to make mistakes. Otherwise it could cost you. It’s all great and fun blockchains being immutable but updating your code because you found a bug isn’t the same as with a regular web application for example. And with smart contracts it inherently involves cryptocurrencies in some form thus value.
 
Another difference with programming languages on a blockchain is gas. Every transaction you do on a smart contract platform like Zilliqa for Ethereum costs gas. With gas you basically pay for computational costs. Sending a ZIL from address A to address B costs 0.001 ZIL currently. Smart contracts are more complex, often involve various functions and require more gas (if gas is a new concept click here ).
 
So with Scilla, similar to Solidity, you need to make sure that “every function in your smart contract will run as expected without hitting gas limits. An improper resource analysis may lead to situations where funds may get stuck simply because a part of the smart contract code cannot be executed due to gas limits. Such constraints are not present in traditional software systems”. Scilla design story part 1
 
Some examples of smart contract issues you’d want to avoid are: leaking funds, ‘unexpected changes to critical state variables’ (example: someone other than you setting his or her address as the owner of the smart contract after creation) or simply killing a contract.
 
Scilla also allows for formal verification. Wikipedia to the rescue:
In the context of hardware and software systems, formal verification is the act of proving or disproving the correctness of intended algorithms underlying a system with respect to a certain formal specification or property, using formal methods of mathematics.
 
Formal verification can be helpful in proving the correctness of systems such as: cryptographic protocols, combinational circuits, digital circuits with internal memory, and software expressed as source code.
 
Scilla is being developed hand-in-hand with formalization of its semantics and its embedding into the Coq proof assistant — a state-of-the art tool for mechanized proofs about properties of programs.”
 
Simply put, with Scilla and accompanying tooling developers can be mathematically sure and proof that the smart contract they’ve written does what he or she intends it to do.
 
Smart contract on a sharded environment and state sharding
 
There is one more topic I’d like to touch on: smart contract execution in a sharded environment (and what is the effect of state sharding). This is a complex topic. I’m not able to explain it any easier than what is posted here. But I will try to compress the post into something easy to digest.
 
Earlier on we have established that Zilliqa can process transactions in parallel due to network sharding. This is where the linear scalability comes from. We can define simple transactions: a transaction from address A to B (Category 1), a transaction where a user interacts with one smart contract (Category 2) and the most complex ones where triggering a transaction results in multiple smart contracts being involved (Category 3). The shards are able to process transactions on their own without interference of the other shards. With Category 1 transactions that is doable, with Category 2 transactions sometimes if that address is in the same shard as the smart contract but with Category 3 you definitely need communication between the shards. Solving that requires to make a set of communication rules the protocol needs to follow in order to process all transactions in a generalised fashion.
 
And this is where the downsides of state sharding comes in currently. All shards in Zilliqa have access to the complete state. Yes the state size (0.1 GB at the moment) grows and all of the nodes need to store it but it also means that they don’t need to shop around for information available on other shards. Requiring more communication and adding more complexity. Computer science knowledge and/or developer knowledge required links if you want to dig further: Scilla - language grammar Scilla - Foundations for Verifiable Decentralised Computations on a Blockchain Gas Accounting NUS x Zilliqa: Smart contract language workshop
 
Easier to follow links on programming Scilla https://learnscilla.com/home Ivan on Tech
 
Roadmap / Zilliqa 2.0
 
There is no strict defined roadmap but here are topics being worked on. And via the Zilliqa website there is also more information on the projects they are working on.
 
Business & Partnerships  
It’s not only technology in which Zilliqa seems to be excelling as their ecosystem has been expanding and starting to grow rapidly. The project is on a mission to provide OpenFinance (OpFi) to the world and Singapore is the right place to be due to its progressive regulations and futuristic thinking. Singapore has taken a proactive approach towards cryptocurrencies by introducing the Payment Services Act 2019 (PS Act). Among other things, the PS Act will regulate intermediaries dealing with certain cryptocurrencies, with a particular focus on consumer protection and anti-money laundering. It will also provide a stable regulatory licensing and operating framework for cryptocurrency entities, effectively covering all crypto businesses and exchanges based in Singapore. According to PWC 82% of the surveyed executives in Singapore reported blockchain initiatives underway and 13% of them have already brought the initiatives live to the market. There is also an increasing list of organisations that are starting to provide digital payment services. Moreover, Singaporean blockchain developers Building Cities Beyond has recently created an innovation $15 million grant to encourage development on its ecosystem. This all suggest that Singapore tries to position itself as (one of) the leading blockchain hubs in the world.
 
Zilliqa seems to already taking advantage of this and recently helped launch Hg Exchange on their platform, together with financial institutions PhillipCapital, PrimePartners and Fundnel. Hg Exchange, which is now approved by the Monetary Authority of Singapore (MAS), uses smart contracts to represent digital assets. Through Hg Exchange financial institutions worldwide can use Zilliqa's safe-by-design smart contracts to enable the trading of private equities. For example, think of companies such as Grab, AirBnB, SpaceX that are not available for public trading right now. Hg Exchange will allow investors to buy shares of private companies & unicorns and capture their value before an IPO. Anquan, the main company behind Zilliqa, has also recently announced that they became a partner and shareholder in TEN31 Bank, which is a fully regulated bank allowing for tokenization of assets and is aiming to bridge the gap between conventional banking and the blockchain world. If STOs, the tokenization of assets, and equity trading will continue to increase, then Zilliqa’s public blockchain would be the ideal candidate due to its strategic positioning, partnerships, regulatory compliance and the technology that is being built on top of it.
 
What is also very encouraging is their focus on banking the un(der)banked. They are launching a stablecoin basket starting with XSGD. As many of you know, stablecoins are currently mostly used for trading. However, Zilliqa is actively trying to broaden the use case of stablecoins. I recommend everybody to read this text that Amrit Kumar wrote (one of the co-founders). These stablecoins will be integrated in the traditional markets and bridge the gap between the crypto world and the traditional world. This could potentially revolutionize and legitimise the crypto space if retailers and companies will for example start to use stablecoins for payments or remittances, instead of it solely being used for trading.
 
Zilliqa also released their DeFi strategic roadmap (dating November 2019) which seems to be aligning well with their OpFi strategy. A non-custodial DEX is coming to Zilliqa made by Switcheo which allows cross-chain trading (atomic swaps) between ETH, EOS and ZIL based tokens. They also signed a Memorandum of Understanding for a (soon to be announced) USD stablecoin. And as Zilliqa is all about regulations and being compliant, I’m speculating on it to be a regulated USD stablecoin. Furthermore, XSGD is already created and visible on block explorer and XIDR (Indonesian Stablecoin) is also coming soon via StraitsX. Here also an overview of the Tech Stack for Financial Applications from September 2019. Further quoting Amrit Kumar on this:
 
There are two basic building blocks in DeFi/OpFi though: 1) stablecoins as you need a non-volatile currency to get access to this market and 2) a dex to be able to trade all these financial assets. The rest are build on top of these blocks.
 
So far, together with our partners and community, we have worked on developing these building blocks with XSGD as a stablecoin. We are working on bringing a USD-backed stablecoin as well. We will soon have a decentralised exchange developed by Switcheo. And with HGX going live, we are also venturing into the tokenization space. More to come in the future.”*
 
Additionally, they also have this ZILHive initiative that injects capital into projects. There have been already 6 waves of various teams working on infrastructure, innovation and research, and they are not from ASEAN or Singapore only but global: see Grantees breakdown by country. Over 60 project teams from over 20 countries have contributed to Zilliqa's ecosystem. This includes individuals and teams developing wallets, explorers, developer toolkits, smart contract testing frameworks, dapps, etc. As some of you may know, Unstoppable Domains (UD) blew up when they launched on Zilliqa. UD aims to replace cryptocurrency addresses with a human readable name and allows for uncensorable websites. Zilliqa will probably be the only one able to handle all these transactions onchain due to ability to scale and its resulting low fees which is why the UD team launched this on Zilliqa in the first place. Furthermore, Zilliqa also has a strong emphasis on security, compliance, and privacy, which is why they partnered with companies like Elliptic, ChainSecurity (part of PwC Switzerland), and Incognito. Their sister company Aqilliz (Zilliqa spelled backwards) focuses on revolutionizing the digital advertising space and is doing interesting things like using Zilliqa to track outdoor digital ads with companies like Foodpanda.
 
Zilliqa is listed on nearly all major exchanges, having several different fiat-gateways and recently have been added to Binance’s margin trading and futures trading with really good volume. They also have a very impressive team with good credentials and experience. They dont just have “tech people”. They have a mix of tech people, business people, marketeers, scientists, and more. Naturally, it's good to have a mix of people with different skill sets if you work in the crypto space.
 
Marketing & Community
 
Zilliqa has a very strong community. If you just follow their Twitter their engagement is much higher for a coin that has approximately 80k followers. They also have been ‘coin of the day’ by LunarCrush many times. LunarCrush tracks real-time cryptocurrency value and social data. According to their data it seems Zilliqa has a more fundamental and deeper understanding of marketing and community engagement than almost all other coins. While almost all coins have been a bit frozen in the last months, Zilliqa seems to be on its own bull run. It was somewhere in the 100s a few months ago and is currently ranked #46 on CoinGecko. Their official Telegram also has over 20k people and is very active, and their community channel which is over 7k now is more active and larger than many other official channels. Their local communities) also seem to be growing.
 
Moreover, their community started ‘Zillacracy’ together with the Zilliqa core team ( see www.zillacracy.com ). It’s a community run initiative where people from all over the world are now helping with marketing and development on Zilliqa. Since its launch in February 2020 they have been doing a lot and will also run their own non custodial seed node for staking. This seed node will also allow them to start generating revenue for them to become a self sustaining entity that could potentially scale up to become a decentralized company working in parallel with the Zilliqa core team. Comparing it to all the other smart contract platforms (e.g. Cardano, EOS, Tezos etc.) they don't seem to have started a similar initiatives (correct me if I’m wrong though). This suggest in my opinion that these other smart contract platforms do not fully understand how to utilize the ‘power of the community’. This is something you cannot ‘buy with money’ and gives many projects in the space a disadvantage.
 
Zilliqa also released two social products called SocialPay and Zeeves. SocialPay allows users to earn ZILs while tweeting with a specific hashtag. They have recently used it in partnership with the Singapore Red Cross for a marketing campaign after their initial pilot program. It seems like a very valuable social product with a good use case. I can see a lot of traditional companies entering the space through this product, which they seem to suggest will happen. Tokenizing hashtags with smart contracts to get network effect is a very smart and innovative idea.
 
Regarding Zeeves, this is a tipping bot for Telegram. They already have 1000s of signups and they plan to keep upgrading it for more and more people to use it (e.g. they recently have added a quiz features). They also use it during AMAs to reward people in real time. It’s a very smart approach to grow their communities and get familiar with ZIL. I can see this becoming very big on Telegram. This tool suggests, again, that the Zilliqa team has a deeper understanding what the crypto space and community needs and is good at finding the right innovative tools to grow and scale.
 
To be honest, I haven’t covered everything (i’m also reaching the character limited haha). So many updates happening lately that it's hard to keep up, such as the International Monetary Fund mentioning Zilliqa in their report, custodial and non-custodial Staking, Binance Margin, Futures & Widget, entering the Indian market, and more. The Head of Marketing Colin Miles has also released this as an overview of what is coming next. And last but not least, Vitalik Buterin has been mentioning Zilliqa lately acknowledging Zilliqa and mentioning that both projects have a lot of room to grow. There is much more info of course and a good part of it has been served to you on a silver platter. I invite you to continue researching by yourself :-) And if you have any comments or questions please post here!
submitted by haveyouheardaboutit to CryptoCurrency [link] [comments]

Searchable table of all quest and hideout upgrade items 0.12.6

Taken from the official wiki. If you have any corrections let me know and I'll edit. Copiable to a spreadsheet application if you want to start crossing items out.
Lvl 10 requirement - 57124 XP
Trader Quest Type Objectives
Prapor Debut Elimination Kill 5 Scavs at Customs; Hand over 2 MP-133 pump-action shotguns
Prapor Checking PickUp Find the bronze pocket watch; (Optional) Find the key to the tank truck; Hand over the bronze pocket watch to Prapor
Prapor Shootout picnic Elimination Neutralize 15 Scavs on Woods
Prapor Delivery from the past PickUp Find a secure case in the Tarcone Director's Office at the Customs terminal; Leave the case in the Factory swing room, on 2nd floor of shop 3; Survive and exit Factory location
Prapor BP depot Discover Mark fuel tank №1 with beacon on Customs; Mark fuel tank №2 with beacon on Customs; Mark fuel tank №3 with beacon on Customs; Mark fuel tank №4 with beacon on Customs; Survive and leave the area
Prapor Bad rep evidence PickUp Find secure folder 0031 in a bunkhouse on Customs; (Optional) Gain access to the closed room in the Factory offices; (Optional) Find the bunkhouse key; Hand over secure folder 0031 to Prapor; Survive and exit Customs location
Prapor Ice cream cones PickUp Find 6 60-round mags for AK; (Optional) Find the key from the bunker in the Terragroup employee room; (Optional) Locate the right bunker in the Woods; Hand over 6 60 round mags for AK to Prapor
Prapor Postman Pat - Part 1 PickUp Find a letter on a messenger in the Factory; Survive and exit Factory location; Hand over the letter to Therapist
Prapor Shaking up teller PickUp Find something valuable in the dorm room 203; (Optional) Gain access to room 214; Hand over the item to Prapor
Prapor The Punisher - Part 1 Elimination Kill 15 Scavs at the Shoreline using AKM series weapon
Prapor The Punisher - Part 2 Elimination Kill 12 Scavs at the Shoreline using a suppressed weapon; Find in raid 7 lower half-masks; Hand masks over to Prapor
Prapor The Punisher - Part 3 Elimination Kill 25 Scavs on Customs using AKS-74U
Prapor The Punisher - Part 4 Elimination Kill 10 Scavs in Woods using 12 gauge shotguns; Kill 10 PMCs on Shoreline while wearing a balaclava and a scav vest.; Find in raid 5 knives Bars A-2607; Handover knives to Prapor
Prapor The Punisher - Part 5 PickUp Find 3 AK-74N; Handover AK-74N rifles to Prapor; Find 3 M4A1 assault rifles; Handover M4A1 rifles to Prapor; Find 5 PM pistols; Handover pistols to Prapor; Kill 10 PMC operatives. You must be wearing a PACA vest and 6b47 helmet
Prapor The Punisher - Part 6 Elimination Kill 15 PMC operators. You must use SVD; Find 7 PMC USEC dogtags; Hand over 7 PMC USEC dogtags; Find 7 PMC BEAR dogtags; Hand over 7 PMC BEAR dogtags
Prapor Polikhim hobo Elimination Kill 25 Scavs on Customs
Prapor Big customer Completion Find a transport with chemicals; Mark the chemical transport with a beacon; Survive and extract Customs
Prapor No offence PickUp Find 10 M67 grenades; Handover grenades to Prapor
Prapor Grenadier Elimination Kill 12 PMC's with grenades
Prapor Perfect mediator Standing Reach 4-th level of standing with Ragman; Reach 4-th level of standing with Skier; Reach 4-th level of standing with Mechanic; Reach 4-th level of standing with Peacekeeper; Reach 4-th level of standing with Prapor; Reach 4-th level of standing with Therapist
Prapor Insomnia Elimination Kill 30 PMC's during nighttime (23 to 04)
Prapor Test drive - Part 1 Elimination Kill 5 PMC's using an M1A with a Hybrid 46 silencer and a Trijicon REAP-IR thermal scope
Prapor Regulated materials PickUp Find in raid military battery; Handover military battery; Find in raid 10 30-mil. shells for BMP cannon; Handover 10 30-mil. shells for BMP cannon
Therapist Shortage PickUp Find 5 Salewa kits; Hand over 5 Salewa kits to Therapist
Therapist Sanitary Standards - Part 1 PickUp Find gas analyzer; (Optional) Get access to the pumping station at the Factory; Hand over the gas analyzer to Therapist
Therapist Sanitary Standards - Part 2 Completion Find in raid 2 gas analyzers; Hand over the gas analyzers to Therapist
Therapist Operation Aquarius - Part 1 PickUp Find hidden water in the dorm; Survive and extract Customs
Therapist Operation Aquarius - Part 2 Elimination Eliminate 15 Scavs on Customs
Therapist Painkiller PickUp Find in raid 4 morphine syringes; Hand the syringes over to Therapist
Therapist Pharmacist PickUp Find a case with the device; (Optional) Find the paramedic's car; (Optional) Get into dorm room 114; Hand over the case to Therapist
Therapist Supply plans PickUp Find the secure folder on the sawmill; Survive and exit Woods location; Hand over the folder to Therapist
Therapist General wares Completion Find in raid 15 cans of meat; Hand the cans over to Therapist
Therapist Car repair PickUp Find in raid 4 car batteries; Find in raid 8 spark plugs; Hand car batteries over to Therapist; Hand spark plugs over to Therapist
Therapist Health Care Privacy - Part 1 Discover Mark 1st ambulance; Mark 2nd ambulance; Mark 3rd ambulance; Survive and exit the location
Therapist Health Care Privacy - Part 2 Discover Gather info on the fate of the Terragroup research; Hand over info on the fate of the Terragroup research; Survive and exit the location
Therapist Health Care Privacy - Part 3 Discover Find the car that belonged to the head of the Medical Service; Pick up the blood sample; Hand over the blood sample; Survive and exit the location
Therapist Health Care Privacy - Part 4 Skill Increase Health skill level to 4
Therapist Health Care Privacy - Part 5 Multi Locate the drop spot in the nighttime in Factory; Obtain 3 packs of gunpowder and leave them in the designated spot
Therapist Postman Pat - Part 2 PickUp Hand over the letter from messenger to the Therapist
Therapist Out of curiosity PickUp Find a transport with chemicals; Mark the chemical transport with a beacon; Survive and extract Customs
Therapist Trust regain PickUp Find 303 dorm room key; Find ZB-014 key; Find the customs military checkpoint key; Find gas station closet key; Hand over 303 key; Hand over ZB-014 key; Hand over the checkpoint key; Hand over closet key
Therapist Hippocratic Vow Completion Handover 500 dollars.
Therapist Private clinic Completion Handover 3 Ophthalmoscopes; Handover 3 LEDX Skin Transilluminators
Therapist Athlete Skill Earn 10 Health skill level
Therapist Decontamination service Elimination Kill 30 Scavs at the Interchange, from the range less than 60 meters.You must be wearing spec. gear
Therapist An apple a day - keeps the doctor away Completion Handover 400,000 roubles
Skier Supplier PickUp Hand over 4 body armor to Skier; Hand over 4 shotguns to Skier
Skier The Extortionist PickUp Find the hidden valuable cargo; (Optional) Find the messenger body; (Optional) Find a place where the messenger hid the item; Hand it over to Skier
Skier Stirrup Elimination Eliminate 3 PMC operators. You must be using pistols
Skier What's on the flash drive? PickUp Find in raid two USB flash drives with information; Hand them over to Skier
Skier Golden swag Completion Find a Gilded Zibbo lighter; Leave the lighter in the bunkhouse in the trailer parking (Customs)
Skier Chemical - Part 1 PickUp Find some information about the Deputy Chief's past life; (Optional) Find a sleeping place of the former Deputy Chief of Security Hand it over to Skier; Find items that can help the investigation; Hand them over to Skier
Skier Chemical - Part 2 PickUp Find any information that could help with the investigation; Hand it over to Skier; Find any evidence that could help with the investigation; Hand the evidence over to Skier
Skier Chemical - Part 3 PickUp Find a Syringe with a chemical in the Factory; Hand over the syringe to Skier
Skier Chemical - Part 4 PickUp Find a transport with chemicals; Mark the chemical transport with a beacon; Survive and extract Customs
Skier Loyalty buyout Standing Give 1 million roubles to Skier
Skier Friend from the West - Part 1 Elimination Kill 7 USEC Find 7 PMC USEC dogtags; Hand over 7 PMC USEC dogtags
Skier Friend from the West - Part 2 Merchant Hand over $6,000
Skier "Vitamins" - Part 1 PickUp Get first Chemical container; Hand over first Chemical container; Get second Chemical container; Hand over second Chemical container; Get third Chemical container; Hand over third Chemical container
Skier "Vitamins" - Part 2 PickUp Find in raid 3 Medical bloodset; Hand over Medical bloodset, 3 pcs; Find in raid 4 Respirator; Hand over Respirator, 4 pcs
Skier Lend lease - Part 1 PickUp Get first Motor Controller; Hand over first controller; Get second Motor Controller; Hand over second controller; Get third Motor Controller; Hand over third controller; Get first Single-axis Fiber Optic Gyroscope; Hand over first Single-axis Fiber Optic Gyroscope; Get second Single-axis Fiber Optic Gyroscope; Hand over second Single-axis Fiber Optic Gyroscope
Skier Informed means armed Completion Install a WIFI camera to watch the pier; Install the WIFI camera to watch the road to port; Install the WIFI camera to watch Kiba Arms store
Skier Chumming Completion Stash 3 gold chains under the mattress next to BTR-80A; Stash 3 gold chains in the microwave on the 3rd floor of dorms; Stash 3 gold chains in the middle accommodation unit of the sawmill; Kill 5 PMC operators on Interchange in time period from 23:00 till 10:00
Skier Kind of sabotage PickUp Hand over folder 0052 to Skier
Skier Silent caliber Elimination Kill 20 Scavs with a suppressed 12 gauge shotgun; Kill 10 PMC's with a suppressed 12 gauge shotgun
Skier Flint Skill Earn 8 Stress Resistance skill level
Skier Bullshit Discovery Find False flash drive; Put fake flash drive (Dorms, 3-rd floor. Pile of trash opposite the stairs) Put sniper rifle SV-98 (Dorms, 3-rd floor. Pile of trash opposite the stairs; Put Roler watch (Dorms, 3-rd floor. Pile of trash opposite the stairs) Do not kill Scavs at Customs until the quest is completed
Skier Setup Elimination Kill 15 PMC's at Customs. You must be wearing spec. gear
Peacekeeper Fishing Gear Completion Find the secret spot; Leave sniper rifle in place; Leave multitool in place; Survive and leave the area
Peacekeeper Tigr Safari Discover Mark first Tigr vehicle at Customs; Mark second Tigr vehicle at Customs; Mark third Tigr vehicle at Customs; Survive and leave the area
Peacekeeper Scrap Metal Discover Mark first tank T-90 at Shoreline; Mark second tank T-90 at Shoreline; Mark third tank T-90 at Shoreline; Survive and leave the area
Peacekeeper Eagle Eye PickUp Find the first UAV crash site; Find SAS disk from the first crashed drone; Hand over SAS disk from the first crashed drone; Find the second UAV crash site Find SAS disk from the second crashed drone; Hand over SAS disk from the second crashed drone
Peacekeeper Humanitarian Supplies Discover Mark first truck with lost UN cargo; (Optional) Find first truck with lost UN cargo; Mark second truck with lost UN cargo; (Optional) Find second truck with lost UN cargo; Find 5 MRE ration packs; Deliver 5 MRE ration packs to Peacekeeper; Kill 10 Scavs at the Shoreline. You must be wearing UN uniform (MF-UNTAR armor vest and UNTAR helmet); Survive and leave the area
Peacekeeper Redacted quest - Part 1 Exploration Find the missing informant Survive and leave the area
Peacekeeper Redacted quest - Part 2 Exploration Put the beacon on the ritual spot at the Customs; Put the beacon on the ritual spot in the Woods; Put the beacon on the ritual spot in the Shoreline; Survive and leave the area
Peacekeeper Spa Tour - Part 1 Elimination Kill 7 Scavs at the Shoreline with 12 gauge shotgun headshots
Peacekeeper Spa Tour - Part 2 Exploration Mark the helicopter with a beacon Mark a safe road with a beacon Survive and leave the area
Peacekeeper Spa Tour - Part 3 PickUp Find in raid WD-40 100ml; Hand over WD-40 100ml; Find in raid Clin wipers, 2 pcs; Hand over Clin wipers, 2 pcs; Find in raid Corrugated hoses, 2 pcs; Hand over Corrugated hoses, 2 pcs; Find in raid Ox bleach, 2 pcs; Hand over Ox bleach, 2 pcs
Peacekeeper Spa Tour - Part 4 Discover Find generators in right wing; Find generators in left wing; Survive and leave the area
Peacekeeper Spa Tour - Part 5 PickUp Find the key from the locked resort rooms; Hand over key from the locked resort rooms
Peacekeeper Spa Tour - Part 6 Standing Hand over $8,000
Peacekeeper Spa Tour - Part 7 PickUp Find in raid Morphine injector, 4 pcs; Hand over Morphine injector, 4 pcs; Find in raid Heat-exchange alkali surface washer, 2 pcs; Hand over Heat-exchange alkali surface washer, 2 pcs; Find in raid Corrugated hose, 2 pcs; Hand over Corrugated hose, 2 pcs; Find in raid 5L propane tank, 2 pcs; Hand over 5L propane tank, 2 pcs
Peacekeeper Cargo X - Part 1 PickUp Find the cargo record in the computer room; Hand over the retrieved data to Peacekeeper
Peacekeeper Cargo X - Part 2 Exploration Find a room with reservoirs; Find any information on the second part of the shipment; Give the info on the second part of the cargo to Peacekeeper
Peacekeeper Cargo X - Part 3 Multi Find hidden Terragroup cargo; Survive and leave the area
Peacekeeper Lend lease - Part 2 PickUp Find in raid Military COFDM wireless Signal Transmitter; Find in raid 2 Virtex programmable processors; Handover Military COFDM wireless Signal Transmitter; Handover 2 Virtex programmable processors
Peacekeeper Wet Job - Part 1 Elimination Kill 10 Scavs at the Shoreline using a suppressed M4 or ADAR
Peacekeeper Wet Job - Part 2 Exploration Find the fisher's dwelling; Set the beacon; Survive and leave the area
Peacekeeper Wet Job - Part 3 Exploration Find Artyom's car; Survive and leave the area
Peacekeeper Wet Job - Part 4 PickUp Find a list of resort tenants; Hand over the list of tenants to Peacekeeper
Peacekeeper Wet Job - Part 5 PickUp Find info on Artyom's work; Hand over the info to Peacekeeper
Peacekeeper Wet Job - Part 6 Skill Reach level 7 in Sniper rifle handling skill
Peacekeeper The guide Exploration Survive at Interchange (Status: Survived); Survive at Shoreline (Status: Survived); Survive at Factory (Status: Survived); Survive at Laboratory (Status: Survived); Survive at Woods (Status: Survived); Survive at Customs (Status: Survived); Survive at Reserve (Status: Survived)
Peacekeeper Peacekeeping mission Elimination Kill 12 Scavs on Customs while dressed in the UN uniform (UNTAR helmet, MF-UNTAR armor vest, Colt M4A1); Kill 12 Scavs on Interchange while dressed in the UN uniform (UNTAR helmet, MF-UNTAR armor vest, Colt M4A1); Kill 12 Scavs on Shoreline while dressed in the UN uniform (UNTAR helmet, MF-UNTAR armor vest, Colt M4A1); Kill 12 Scavs on Woods while dressed in the UN uniform (UNTAR helmet, MF-UNTAR armor vest, Colt M4A1)
Peacekeeper Mentor Completion Handover 50,000 euros
Mechanic Gunsmith - Part 1 Parameter-oriented modding Modify MP-133 to comply with the required specification
Mechanic Gunsmith - Part 2 Parameter-oriented modding Modify AKS-74U to comply with the required specification
Mechanic Gunsmith - Part 3 Parameter-oriented modding Modify MP5 to comply with the required specification
Mechanic Gunsmith - Part 4 Parameter-oriented modding Modify M4A1 to comply with the required specification
Mechanic Gunsmith - Part 5 Parameter-oriented modding Modify DVL-10 to comply with the required specification
Mechanic Gunsmith - Part 6 Parameter-oriented modding Modify R11 RSASS to comply with the required specification
Mechanic Gunsmith - Part 7 Parameter-oriented modding Modify Remington Model 870 to comply with the required specification
Mechanic Gunsmith - Part 8 Parameter-oriented modding Modify AKM to comply with the required specification
Mechanic Gunsmith - Part 9 Parameter-oriented modding Modify AKS-74N to comply with the required specification
Mechanic Gunsmith - Part 10 Parameter-oriented modding Modify AK-105 to comply with the required specification
Mechanic Gunsmith - Part 11 Parameter-oriented modding Modify AS VAL to comply with the required specification
Mechanic Gunsmith - Part 12 Parameter-oriented modding Modify AK-102 to comply with the required specification
Mechanic Gunsmith - Part 13 Parameter-oriented modding Modify SIG MPX to comply with the required specification
Mechanic Gunsmith - Part 14 Parameter-oriented modding Modify AKMN to comply with the required specification
Mechanic Gunsmith - Part 15 Parameter-oriented modding Modify M1A to comply with the required specification
Mechanic Gunsmith - Part 16 Parameter-oriented modding Modify M4A1 to comply with the required specification
Mechanic Farming - Part 1 Completion Fix the first control board Fix the second control board Survive and leave the area
Mechanic Farming - Part 2 PickUp Find in raid Powercord, 2 pcs; Hand over Powercord, 2 pcs; Find in raid T-Shaped Plug, 4 pcs; Hand over T-Shaped Plug, 4 pcs; Find in raid Printed circuit board, 2 pcs; Hand over Printed circuit board, 2 pcs
Mechanic Farming - Part 3 Completion Find a warehouse of confiscate; Get package with graphics cards; Hand over package with graphics cards
Mechanic Farming - Part 4 PickUp Find in raid Graphics card, 3 pcs; Hand over Graphics card, 3 pcs; Find in raid CPU Fan, 8 pcs; Hand over CPU Fan, 8 pcs
Mechanic Signal - Part 1 Discover Find the first signal source; Find the second signal source; Survive and leave the area
Mechanic Signal - Part 2 PickUp Find in raid 3 PC CPU; Find in raid 3 Rechargeable battery; Find in raid 3 Printed circuit board; Find in raid 3 Broken GPhone; Hand over PC CPU, 3 pcs; Hand over Rechargeable battery, 3 pcs; Hand over Printed circuit board, 3 pcs; Hand over Broken GPhone, 3 pcs
Mechanic Signal - Part 3 Completion Place first jammer; Place second jammer; Place third jammer; Survive and leave the area
Mechanic Signal - Part 4 Skill Increase memory skill level to 4
Mechanic Bad habit PickUp Find in raid Malboro cigarettes, 5 pcs; Hand over Malboro cigarettes, 5 pcs; Find in raid Strike cigarettes, 5 pcs; Hand over Strike cigarettes, 5 pcs; Find in raid Wilston cigarettes, 5 pcs; Hand over Wilston cigarettes, 5 pcs
Mechanic Scout Completion Find a way out of the factory 1; Find a way out of the factory 2; Find a way out of the factory 3; Survive and exit the location
Mechanic Insider Standing Reach level 3 loyalty with Prapor
Mechanic Psycho Sniper Skill Upgrade the Sniper skill to level 9
Mechanic Import PickUp Find in raid UHF RFID Reader; Find in raid VPX Flash Storage Module; Handover UHF RFID Reader; Handover VPX Flash Storage Module
Mechanic Fertilizers PickUp Find in raid 5 Wires Find in raid 5 Capacitors; Handover 5 Wires; Handover 5 Capacitors
Mechanic A Shooter Born in Heaven Elimination Kill 3 PMCs with headshots in the Woods from a distance of more than 100 meters.; Kill 3 PMCs with headshots in the Interchange from a distance of more than 100 meters.; Kill 3 PMCs with headshots in the Shoreline from a distance of more than 100 meters.; Kill 3 PMCs with headshots in the Customs from a distance of more than 100 meters.
Mechanic Introduction Completion Find Jaeger's camp; Find Jaeger's message; Handover the message to the Mechanic
Ragman Only business Merchant Obtain level 2 loyalty with Ragman
Ragman Make ULTRA Great Again Completion Kill 25 Scavs at the Interchange.
Ragman Big sale Exploration Check AVOKADO; Check KOSTIN; Check tRend Check DINO CLOTHES Check TOP BRAND Survive and leave the area
Ragman The Blood of War - Part 1 Completion Mark tank 1; Mark tank 2; Mark tank 3; Survive and leave the area
Ragman Dressed to kill Completion Hand over Ushanka ear-flap cap, 7 pcs; Hand over Kinda cowboy hat, 7 pcs
Ragman Gratitude Completion Find the secret spot; Leave the Ghost balaclava in place; Leave the Shemagh in place; Leave the RayBench sunglasses in place; Leave the Round frame sunglasses in place
Ragman Sales Night Completion Survive in the raid at Interchange 7 times
Ragman Hot delivery Completion Stash Peltor ComTac 2 in specified place, 2 pcs; Stash 6B47 Ratnik-BSh Helmet in specified place, 2 pcs; Stash BNTI Gzhel-K armor in specified place, 2 pcs
Ragman Database - Part 1 Exploration Get Goshan cargo manifests; Hand over Goshan cargo manifests; Get OLI cargo manifests; Hand over OLI cargo manifests; Get IDEA cargo manifests; Hand over IDEA cargo manifests
Ragman Database - Part 2 Completion Get OLI cargo route documents; Hand over OLI cargo route documents
Ragman Minibus Completion Mark first minibus; Mark second minibus; Mark third minibus; Survive and leave the area
Ragman Sew it good - Part 1 PickUp Find in raid Ski hat with holes for eyes; Hand over Ski hat with holes for eyes; Find in raid Pilgrim tourist backpack; Hand over Pilgrim tourist backpack
Ragman Sew it good - Part 2 PickUp Get Gzhel in 0-50% condition; Hand over Gzhel in 0-50% condition; Get Gzhel in 50-100% condition; Hand over Gzhel in 50-100% condition
Ragman Sew it good - Part 3 PickUp Get 6B43 with 0-50% condition; Hand over 6B43 with 0-50% condition; Get 6B43 with 50-100% condition; Hand over 6B43 with 50-100% condition
Ragman Sew it good - Part 4 PickUp Find in raid 2 Wartech (TV-109, TV-106); Hand over 2 Wartech (TV-109, TV-106); Find in raid 2 BlackRock chest rig; Hand over 2 BlackRock chest rig
Ragman The Blood of War - Part 2 PickUp Find in raid Fuel conditioner, 4 pcs; Hand over Fuel conditioner, 4 pcs
Ragman The Blood of War - Part 3 Completion Find and mark first fuel stash; Find and mark second fuel stash; Find and mark third fuel stash; Survive and leave the area
Ragman The key to success PickUp Get Clothes design handbook Part 1; Hand over Clothes design handbook Part 1; Get Clothes design handbook Part 2; Hand over Clothes design handbook Part 2
Ragman Living high is not a crime - Part 1 PickUp Find in raid Bronze lion, 2 pcs; Hand over Bronze lion, 2 pcs; Find in raid Horse figurine, 2 pcs; Hand over Horse figurine, 2 pcs; Find in raid Cat figurine Hand over Cat figurine; Find in raid Roler submariner gold wrist watch; Hand over Roler submariner gold wrist watch
Ragman Living high is not a crime - Part 2 PickUp Find in raid 3 antique teapots; Find in raid 2 antique vases; Handover 3 antique teapots; Handover 2 antique vases
Ragman Charisma brings success Skill Increase the Charisma level to 10
Ragman No fuss needed Standing Increase the Therapist loyalty level to 3
Ragman Supervisor PickUp Get key from Goshan cash registers; Hand over key from Goshan cash registers
Ragman Scavenger Skill Earn 9 Search skill level
Ragman The stylish one Elimination Eliminate Killa 100 times
Ragman Textile - Part 1 Pickup Obtain in raid 5 pcs. of Aramid fiber cloth; Obtain in raid 10 pcs. of Ripstop cloth; Obtain in raid 3 pcs. of paracord; Hand over Aramid fiber cloth 5 pcs.; Hand over Ripstop cloth 10 pcs.; Hand over paracord 3 pcs.
Ragman Textile - Part 2 Pickup Obtain in raid 10 pcs. of Fleece cloth; Hand over Fleece cloth 10 pcs.; Obtain in raid 10 pcs. of Polyamide fabric Cordura; Hand over Polyamide fabric Cordura 10 pcs.; Obtain in raid KEKTAPE duct tape 5 pcs.; Hand over KEKTAPE duct tape 5 pcs.
Jaeger Acquaintance Completion Get 5 Iskra lunch box; Get 6 packs of Emelya rye croutons; Get 3 cans of delicious beef stew
Jaeger The survivalist path - Unprotected, but dangerous Completion Kill 5 scavs on Woods. You should not wear body armor
Jaeger The survivalist path - Thrifty Completion Stash "Iskra" MRE in the ZB-016 bunker; Stash bottle of water in the ZB-016 bunker; Stash "Iskra" MRE in the ZB-014 bunker; Stash bottle of water in the ZB-014 bunker
Jaeger The survivalist path - Zhivchik Experience Spend 5 minutes in a state of complete dehydration
Jaeger The survivalist path - Wounded beast Completion Kill 4 scavs while suffering from pain effect
Jaeger The survivalist path - Tough guy Completion Eliminate 4 scavs on Woods in a single raid. You must not use medicine. Don't use any medicine during the quest
Jaeger The survivalist path - Cold blooded Completion Eliminate 3 PMCs with the headshot while having tremor
Jaeger The survivalist path - Junkie Elimination Kill 20 scavs on Woods while having stimulant effects
Jaeger The survivalist path - Combat medic Completion Reach level 5 Vitality skill
Jaeger Huntsman path - Secured perimeter Completion Eliminate 8 PMС on Factory in the office area
Jaeger Huntsman path - The trophy Completion Eliminate Reshala; Find in raid the golden TT; Handover golden TT to Jaeger
Jaeger Huntsman path - Woods cleaning Completion Kill 40 scavs all over the Tarkov territory
Jaeger Huntsman path - Controller Completion Kill 2 PMCs blinded with the flashbang
Jaeger Huntsman path - Sell-out Elimination Eliminate Killa; Find In Raid Killa's helmet; Handover Killa's helmet to Jaeger
Jaeger Huntsman path - Woods keeper Completion Eliminate Shturman; Find in raid Shturman's key; Handover the Shturman's stash key to Jaeger
Jaeger Huntsman path - Justice Completion Kill 3 scavs that are dressed in police uniform
Jaeger Huntsman path - Evil watchman Completion Kill 7 PMCs in the Dorms area on Customs
Jaeger Huntsman path - Eraser - Part 1 Completion Find and eliminate Glukhar
Jaeger Huntsman path - Eraser - Part 2 Completion Eliminate 8 raiders
Jaeger Ambulance Completion Find in raid portable defibrillator; Find in raid 2 CMS surgery kits; Handover portable defibrillator; Handover 2 CMS surgery kits
Jaeger Shady business PickUp Find in raid 3 flash drives; Handover 3 flash drives
Jaeger Nostalgia Completion Find a room with the view of a bay, where Jaeger was staying; Find Jaegers' photo album; Handover photo album to Jaeger
Jaeger Fishing place Completion Find in raid 3 TerraGroup Labs access keycards; Handover 3 TerraGroup Labs access keycards
Jaeger Courtesy visit Completion Find priest house; Find fisherman house Find chairman house
Jaeger Hunting trip Completion Give the Jaeger 3x M700 sniper rifles of a certain configuration
Jaeger Reserv Completion Find the food storage
Jaeger "The Tarkov shooter" - Part 1 Elimination Kill 8 Scavs over 40 meters away with a Mosin rifle without a scope
Jaeger "The Tarkov shooter" - Part 2 Elimination Make 3 hits in the legs from more than 60 meters away with a Mosin Make 2 headshots from more than 60 meters away with a Mosin
Jaeger "The Tarkov shooter" - Part 3 Elimination Kill 4 PMC operatives with a Mosin at close range, less than 25 meters away
Jaeger "The Tarkov shooter" - Part 4 Elimination Level up the Sniper Rifles skill to 4
Jaeger "The Tarkov shooter" - Part 5 Elimination Kill 10 Scavs at Customs with a Mosin rifle between 21:00 and 5:00
Jaeger "The Tarkov shooter" - Part 6 Elimination Kill 7 Scav snipers with a Mosin
Jaeger "The Tarkov shooter" - Part 7 Elimination Kill 5 PMC operatives with a suppressed Mosin at least 55 meters away
Jaeger "The Tarkov shooter" - Part 8 Elimination Kill 3 PMC operatives with a Mosin over one raid in the Woods
Fence Collector PickUp Find an Old firesteel in raid; Handover the Old firesteel; Find an Antique axe in raid; Handover the Antique axe; Find a Battered antique Book in raid; Handover the Battered antique Book; Find a FireKlean gun lube in raid; Handover the FireKlean gun lube; Find a Golden rooster in raid; Handover the Golden rooster; Find a Silver Badge in raid; Handover the Silver Badge; Find a Deadlyslob's beard oil in raid; Handover the Deadlyslob's beard oil; Find a Golden 1GPhone in raid; Handover the Golden 1GPhone; Find a Jar of DevilDog mayo in raid; Handover the Jar of DevilDog mayo Find a Can of sprats in raid; Handover the Can of sprats; Find a Fake mustache in raid; Handover the Fake mustache; Find a Kotton beanie in raid; Handover the Kotton beanie; Find a Can of Dr. Lupo's coffee beans in raid; Handover the Can of Dr. Lupo's coffee beans; Find a Pestily plague mask in raid; Handover the Pestily plague mask; Find a Raven figurine in raid; Handover the Raven figurine; Find a Shroud half-mask in raid; Handover the Shroud half-mask
Facility Level Requirements
Air Filtering Unit 1 10,000 Dollars Level 3 Generator Level 3 Vents Skier LL3
Bitcoin farm 1 10 CPU Fan 5 Power supply unit 5 Powercord 1 Electric drill Level 2 Intelligence Center
Bitcoin farm 2 15 CPU Fan 5 Power supply unit 5 Printed circuit board 2 Phase control relay Level 3 Generator
Bitcoin farm 3 25 CPU Fan 10 Silicone tubes 2 Electric motor 4 Pressure gauges Level 1 Solar Power Level 3 Water Collector
Booze generator 1 4 Silicone tubes 2 Analog thermometers 2 Pressure gauges 5 Corrugated hose Level 3 Water Collector Level 3 Nutrition Unit
Generator 1 100,000 Roubles
Generator 2 5 Phase control relays 1 Electric motor 15 Wires Level 2 Security Level 2 Vents
Generator 3 6 Phase control relays 2 Electric motor 5 Spark plug 5 Power supply unit Level 3 Security Level 3 Vents Mechanic LL3
Heating 1 25,000 Roubles
Heating 2 50,000 Roubles Level 1 Endurance
Heating 3 8 Radiator helix 8 Wires Level 2 Generator Level 2 Workbench Level 2 Ragman
Illumination 1 10,000 Roubles
Illumination 2 14 Light bulb 5 Wires Level 1 Generator
Illumination 3 50,000 Roubles 7 Capacitors Level 2 Generator Mechanic LL2
Intelligence Center 1 1 Folder with intelligence Level 2 Security Level 2 Vents
Intelligence Center 2 3 Folder with intelligence 3 Secure Flash drive 4 Powercord 4 Damaged hard drive Level 3 Security Level 3 Medstation Level 3 Nutrition Unit Mechanic LL2 Level 3 Attention
Intelligence Center 3 2 Military COFDM wireless Signal Transmitters 2 VPX Flash Storage Modules 3 Gas analyzers 4 Military cable Level 3 Generator Prapor LL3
Lavatory 1 2,000 Roubles
Lavatory 2 3 Corrugated hoses 5 A pack of screws 1 Electric drill Level 1 Water Collector
Lavatory 3 6 Corrugated hoses 2 Pressure gauges 1 A set of tools 3 Xenomorph sealing foam Level 2 Water Collector
Library 1 400,000 Roubles Level 3 Rest Space Level 8 Memory skill
Medstation 1 25,000 Roubles
Medstation 2 50,000 Roubles 2 Medical bloodset 3 Saline solution Therapist LL2 Level 2 Health
Medstation 3 150,000 Roubles 4 Saline solution 1 LEDX Skin Transilluminator 1 Opthalmoscope Therapist LL3 Skier LL2 Vitality Level 3 Level 2 Lavatory
Nutrition unit 1 25,000 Roubles 2 Phase control relay Level 1 Generator
Nutrition unit 2 4 Wrench 2 Corrugated hose 2 Heat-exchange alkali surface washer 1 Phase control relay Level 2 Lavatory
Nutrition unit 3 125,000 Roubles 3 Coffee Majaica 3 Sodium bicarbonate Level 2 Generator Level 3 Lavatory Level 2 Stash Level 3 Metabolism
Rest Space 1 10,000 Roubles
Rest Space 2 35,000 Roubles Level 2 Generator Level 2 Heating Level 2 Ragman
Rest Space 3 3,000 Dollars 4 Powercord 5 Capacitors 7 Wires Level 3 Generator Level 3 Heating Skier LL3
Scav case 1 4 Bronze lion 6 Gold skull ring 8 Golden neck chain 4 Roler submariner gold wrist watch Level 2 Intelligence Center
Security 1 20,000 Roubles
Security 2 45,000 Roubles Level 2 Endurance
Security 3 2 Working LCD 4 Wires 8 NIXXOR lens 1 SSD drive Level 3 Illumination Mechanic LL2
Shooting range 1 4 A pack of nails 5 Screw nut 5 Bolts 3 Duct tape Level 2 Illumination
Solar power 1 15,000 Euros 4 Military cable 2 Phased array element 4 Military power filter Level 3 Generator Level 3 Workbench Peacekeeper LL4
Stash 1 Purchase of EFT Standard Edition
Stash 2 Purchase of EFT Left Behind Or 3,500,000 Roubles 1 Hand drill 7 A pack of screws 4 WD-40 100ml.
Stash 3 Purchase of EFT Prepare for Escape Or 8,500,000 Roubles 2 Electric drill 8 A pack of screws Level 2 Heating Level 2 Vents Prapor LL3 Ragman LL3
Stash 4 Purchase of EFT Edge of Darkness Or 150,000 Euros Level 3 Generator Level 3 Workbench Level 3 Heating Level 3 Intelligence Center Peacekeeper LL4 Ragman LL4
Vents 1 25,000 Roubles
Vents 2 1 Electric motor 1 Car battery
Vents 3 4 Electric motor 14 Wires 5 Printed circuit board 4 Car battery Level 2 Generator Level 2 Strength
Water collector 1 4 Corrugated hose 5 Bolts 5 Screw nut 3 Duct tape
Water collector 2 6 Corrugated hose 2 Electric motor 2 A set of tools Level 2 Workbench Jaeger LL2 Level 3 Attention
Water collector 3 125,000 Roubles 2 Pliers Elite 5 Shustrilo sealing foam Level 3 Generator Level 3 Heating Jaeger LL3
Workbench 1 2 Screw nuts 2 Bolts 1 Leatherman Multitool
Workbench 2 3 A set of tools 2 Electric drill 6 Bolts Level 2 Illumination Mechanic LL2
Workbench 3 195.000 Roubles 2 Pliers Elite 1 FireKlean gun lube Level 2 Stash Mechanic LL3
Christmas tree 1 10,000 Roubles 1 Christmas tree decoration ball (red) 1 Christmas tree decoration ball (silver) 1 Christmas tree decoration ball (violet)
submitted by TraumaJeans to EscapefromTarkov [link] [comments]

ALERT! Final Days of Silver Price Rigging?! (Bix Weir ... Bitcoin Halving Approaches as Cryptos (& Silver!) Ready ... 1 Oz Pure +999 Copper Round Bitcoin Silk Road Edition Copper Bullion Round UNPACKAGING!!!!!!!!!!!!!! Silver/Gold Slammed by Riggers as Bitcoin Readies for 2x October Move?! (Bix Weir) MASSIVE $633,535,330 BITCOIN TRANSACTION! Guess The FEE?  BTC Outperforms STOCKS!

Secrets of Silver - 82 Chapter XIII Return of Silver Money - 87 Chapter XIV Root of All Evil - 93 Chapter XV Forbidden Questions – 97 Chapter XVI Heaven and Hell - 100 Chapter XVII Ancient History of Earth – 106 Chapter XVIII Are We Alone? - 112 Chapter XIX Timing of the End Game - 117 Epilogue The Road Ahead - 123 Bitcoin, gold, and silver are three popular investment vehicles. The latter two have been around for decades while the former has been here for just one. However, each is a viable form of making money, and investors don’t have a surefire answer. As you may know, the stock market is at an all-time high. But, when stocks tend to dip, investors move to gold and other, more reliable long-term ... Why use Monero if Litecoin, the silver to Bitcoin’s gold is private, secure, and has a large market cap? Analysts think Mimblewimble would eventually attract users who gravitate towards privacy coins. Litecoin Hashrate Up 50%. Litecoin’s hashrate has started progressing once again, at least to the same levels as it was on Oct. 2019. The hashrate is an important indicator that proves miners ... Bitcoin is a digital currency created in January 2009. It follows the ideas set out in a whitepaper by the mysterious and pseudonymous developer Satoshi Nakamoto, whose true identity has yet to be verified. Bitcoin offers the promise of lower transaction fees than traditional online payment mechanisms and is operated by a decentralized authority, unlike government-issued currencies. Bitcoin (BTC) has also seen a slight resurgence over the last 24-hour trading period, moving above $9,400 for the first time in almost two weeks. The top-ranked crypto by market capitalization has been range-bound within that period, fluctuating between the $9k and $9.2k price bands. Gold and Silver Prices Looking Strong

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ALERT! Final Days of Silver Price Rigging?! (Bix Weir ...

Watching the Silver and Gold Riggers perform their "Operations" over the years has been mind numbing! Same old song over and over and over again. Hang tight...They will get theirs in the END! All the "Perfect Storms" are about to hit each other as money printing and Bitcoin halving and a Silver EXPLOSION are all coming together at the same time..... Bitcoin Holders: What the U.S. Government Doesn’t Want YOU to Know [MUST WATCH ENTIRE VIDEO] - Duration: 10 ... The Road to $100,000/oz SILVER!! (Bix Weir) - Duration: 36:39. RoadtoRoota 20,320 ... TIMING future market CYCLES for Gold, Silver, Bitcoin, Litecoin and the US Stock Market. "Life is full of cycles that do nothing more than replay themselves ... 1 Oz Pure +999 Copper Round Bitcoin Silk Road Edition Copper Bullion Round UNPACKAGING!!!!! COIN COLLECTING FUN ... Denarium 1 BTC Silver Physical Bitcoin - Duration: 5:06. Chronos Crypto 6,743 ...

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